Etymology
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machine (n.)

1540s, “任何种类的结构”, 来自中法语 machine “装置, 巧计”, 来自拉丁语 machina “机器, 发动机, 军事机器; 装置, 诡计; 工具” (也是西班牙语 maquina, 意大利语 macchina), 来自希腊语 makhana, 阿提克语 mēkhanē “装置, 工具, 机器” 的多立克语变体; 也是“巧计, 狡猾”, 传统上(Watkins) 来自PIE *magh-ana- “使之能够”, 来自根 *magh- “能够, 有力量”. 但比克斯在形式上反对与日耳曼语和斯拉夫语中的词联系起来. 他认为这个希腊词是孤立的, 确信它是前希腊语.

主要现代意义上的“由运动部件制成的用于应用机械动力的装置” (1670年代) 可能是从17世纪中叶的“设备, 装置” 和“军事围城塔” 的意义上发展起来的. “它逐渐被应用于不需要工人的力量或技能就能工作的设备.”.

从17世纪-19世纪也有“车辆; 驿站或邮车; 轮船”, 从1901年起, 又有“汽车”. 另外在19世纪末的俚语中, 这个词还同时用于“阴茎” 和“阴道”, 是为数不多的如此尊贵的词之一.

政治意义上的“一个政党的工作成员的严格组织, 以确保自己和他们的同伙的优势影响” 是美国俚语, 1876年为证. Machine age , 一个以广泛使用机械装置为显著特征的时代, 由1882年证明, 不过有这个.

The idea of remodelling society at public meetings is one of the least reasonable which ever entered the mind of an agitator: and the notion that the relations of the sexes can be re-arranged and finally disposed of by preamble and resolution, is one of the latest, as it should have been the last, vagary of a machine age. [“The Literary World,” Nov. 1, 1851]

Machine for living (in) “房子” 翻译了勒-柯布西耶的 machine à habiter (1923).

machine (v.)

15世纪中叶, “决定, 决心”, 来自古法语和拉丁语的用法, 来自拉丁语 machina “机器, 发动机, 军事机器; 装置, 诡计; 工具”, 来自希腊语 makhana, 阿提克语 mēkhanē “装置, 工具; 诡计, 狡猾” 的多立克变体(见 machine (n.) ). 意思是“应用机械, 在机器上或借助机器制造或形成”, 出自1878年. 相关内容: Machined; machining.

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Definitions of machine
1
machine (n.)
any mechanical or electrical device that transmits or modifies energy to perform or assist in the performance of human tasks;
machine (n.)
an efficient person;
the boxer was a magnificent fighting machine
machine (n.)
an intricate organization that accomplishes its goals efficiently;
the war machine
machine (n.)
a device for overcoming resistance at one point by applying force at some other point;
Synonyms: simple machine
machine (n.)
a group that controls the activities of a political party;
he was endorsed by the Democratic machine
Synonyms: political machine
machine (n.)
a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine;
Synonyms: car / auto / automobile / motorcar
2
machine (v.)
turn, shape, mold, or otherwise finish by machinery;
machine (v.)
make by machinery;
From wordnet.princeton.edu