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machine (n.)

1540s,"任何种类的结构",来自中法语 machine "装置,巧计",来自拉丁语 machina "机器,发动机,军事机器;装置,诡计;工具"(也是西班牙语 maquina ,意大利语 macchina ),来自希腊语 makhana ,阿提克语 mēkhanē "装置,工具,机器"的多立克语变体;也是"巧计,狡猾",传统上(Watkins)来自PIE *magh-ana- "使之能够",来自根 *magh- "能够,有力量"。但比克斯在形式上反对与日耳曼语和斯拉夫语中的词联系起来。他认为这个希腊词是孤立的,确信它是前希腊语。

主要现代意义上的"由运动部件制成的用于应用机械动力的装置"(1670年代)可能是从17世纪中叶的"设备、装置"和"军事围城塔"的意义上发展起来的。"它逐渐被应用于不需要工人的力量或技能就能工作的设备。"。

从17世纪-19世纪也有"车辆;驿站或邮车;轮船",从1901年起,又有"汽车"。另外在19世纪末的俚语中,这个词还同时用于"阴茎"和"阴道",是为数不多的如此尊贵的词之一。

政治意义上的"一个政党的工作成员的严格组织,以确保自己和他们的同伙的优势影响"是美国俚语,1876年为证。 Machine age , 一个以广泛使用机械装置为显著特征的时代,由1882年证明,不过有这个。

The idea of remodelling society at public meetings is one of the least reasonable which ever entered the mind of an agitator: and the notion that the relations of the sexes can be re-arranged and finally disposed of by preamble and resolution, is one of the latest, as it should have been the last, vagary of a machine age. ["The Literary World," Nov. 1, 1851]

Machine for living (in) "房子"翻译了勒-柯布西耶的 machine à habiter (1923)。

machine (v.)

15世纪中叶,"决定,决心",来自古法语和拉丁语的用法,来自拉丁语 machina "机器,发动机,军事机器;装置,诡计;工具",来自希腊语 makhana ,阿提克语 mēkhanē "装置,工具;诡计,狡猾"的多立克变体(见 machine (n.))。意思是"应用机械,在机器上或借助机器制造或形成",出自1878年。相关内容: Machined ; machining

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Definitions of machine from WordNet
1
machine (n.)
any mechanical or electrical device that transmits or modifies energy to perform or assist in the performance of human tasks;
machine (n.)
an efficient person;
the boxer was a magnificent fighting machine
machine (n.)
an intricate organization that accomplishes its goals efficiently;
the war machine
machine (n.)
a device for overcoming resistance at one point by applying force at some other point;
Synonyms: simple machine
machine (n.)
a group that controls the activities of a political party;
he was endorsed by the Democratic machine
Synonyms: political machine
machine (n.)
a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine;
Synonyms: car / auto / automobile / motorcar
2
machine (v.)
turn, shape, mold, or otherwise finish by machinery;
machine (v.)
make by machinery;
From wordnet.princeton.edu