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lunch (n.)

"日中餐,早餐和晚餐之间的小餐",1786年,是这个意义上的 luncheon (q.v.)的缩写形式(1650年代),它的来源不确定;它似乎与一个意为"厚厚的一块,大块"的旧词(1570年代)相同,它也许是从 lump (n.)[OED]演变而来的。当代还有一个 nuncheon "轻食中饭",来自 noon +中英语 schench "饮料"。古英语有 nonmete "下午餐",字面意思是"中午饭"。意为"拿去吃午饭"的动词(据说是从名词中来的),也有1786年的证据。

PRATTLE. I always to be ſure, makes a point to keep up the dignity of the family I lives in. Wou'd you take a more ſolid refreſhment?—Have you lunch'd, Mr. Bribe?
BRIBE. Lunch'd O dear! Permit me, my dear Mrs. Prattle, to refreſh my sponge, upon the honey dew that clings to your raviſhing pouters. O! Mrs. Prattle, this ſhall be my lunch. (kiſſes)
["The Mode," in William Davies' "Plays Written for a Private Theatre," London, 1786]

直到1817年,韦伯斯特词典对 lunch (n.)的唯一定义是"一大块食物",但现在已经过时或省略了。OED说,在19世纪20年代,这个词"被认为是一种庸俗主义或一种时尚的情调"。相关链接: Lunched ; lunching

Lunch money 是1868年的证明。 Lunch-time 是1821年的。 lunch hour 是1840年的 lunch-break 是从1960年开始的。俚语 out to lunch "疯疯癫癫,蠢蠢欲动,毫无头绪",1955年首录,关于"不在"的概念。

lunch (v.)

"吃个午饭",1786年,来自 lunch (n.)。相关链接: Lunched ; lunching

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Definitions of lunch from WordNet
1
lunch (v.)
take the midday meal;
At what time are you lunching?
lunch (v.)
provide a midday meal for;
She lunched us well
2
lunch (n.)
a midday meal;
Synonyms: luncheon / tiffin / dejeuner
From wordnet.princeton.edu