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lunatic (adj.)

13世纪末,"受周期性精神错乱的影响,依赖于月亮的变化",来自古法语 lunatique "精神错乱",或直接来自晚期拉丁语 lunaticus "moon-struck",来自拉丁语 luna "月亮"(见 luna )。

比较古英语 monseoc "lunatic",字面意思是"moon-sick";中高德语 lune "humor,脾气,情绪,奇思妙想,幻想"(德语 Laune ),来自拉丁文 luna 。另比较新约希腊文 selēniazomai "be epileptic",来自 selēnē "moon"。 Lunatic fringe 1913年)显然是美国政治家西奥多-罗斯福创造的。

Then, among the wise and high-minded people who in self-respecting and genuine fashion strive earnestly for peace, there are foolish fanatics always to be found in such a movement and always discrediting it — the men who form the lunatic fringe in all reform movements. [Theodore Roosevelt, autobiography, 1913].

更早的时候,它是一种戴在额头上的发型的术语(1877年)。 Lunatic soup 1918年)是"酒精饮料"的俚语,或指几种不同的酒精饮料一起喝。

lunatic (n.)

"疯子",14世纪末,来自 lunatic ( adj.)。原本是指神智清醒的人;后来,在法律上,是指精神不健全的人的总称。

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Definitions of lunatic from WordNet
1
lunatic (n.)
an insane person;
Synonyms: madman / maniac
lunatic (n.)
a reckless impetuous irresponsible person;
2
lunatic (adj.)
insane and believed to be affected by the phases of the moon;
Synonyms: moonstruck
From wordnet.princeton.edu