Etymology
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lunatic (adj.)

13世纪末, “受周期性精神错乱的影响, 依赖于月亮的变化”, 来自古法语 lunatique “精神错乱”, 或直接来自晚期拉丁语 lunaticus “moon-struck”, 来自拉丁语 luna “月亮” (见 luna).

比较古英语 monseoc “lunatic”, 字面意思是“moon-sick”; 中高德语 lune “humor, 脾气, 情绪, 奇思妙想, 幻想” (德语 Laune), 来自拉丁文 luna. 另比较新约希腊文 selēniazomai “be epileptic”, 来自 selēnē “moon”. Lunatic fringe 1913年) 显然是美国政治家西奥多-罗斯福创造的.

Then, among the wise and high-minded people who in self-respecting and genuine fashion strive earnestly for peace, there are foolish fanatics always to be found in such a movement and always discrediting it — the men who form the lunatic fringe in all reform movements. [Theodore Roosevelt, autobiography, 1913].

更早的时候, 它是一种戴在额头上的发型的术语(1877年). Lunatic soup 1918年) 是“酒精饮料” 的俚语, 或指几种不同的酒精饮料一起喝.

lunatic (n.)

“疯子”, 14世纪末, 来自 lunatic (adj.). 原本是指神智清醒的人; 后来, 在法律上, 是指精神不健全的人的总称.

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Definitions of lunatic
1
lunatic (n.)
an insane person;
Synonyms: madman / maniac
lunatic (n.)
a reckless impetuous irresponsible person;
2
lunatic (adj.)
insane and believed to be affected by the phases of the moon;
Synonyms: moonstruck
From wordnet.princeton.edu