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luck (n.)

16世纪, “fortune good or bad, what happens to one by chance (conceived as being favorable or not); good luck, quality of having a tendency to receive desired or beneficial outcomes,” 在古英语中没有发现, 可能来自早期的中荷兰语 luc, 是 gheluc “happiness, good fortune” 的缩写, 这个词的来源不明. 它在现代荷兰语 geluk, 中高德语 g(e) lücke,, 德语 Glück “福气, 好运” 的同源词.

也许最早被借用到英语中, 作为赌博用语. 要 down on (one's) luck 是1832年的; 要 in luck 是从1857年开始; 到 push (one's) luck 是1911年的. Good luck 1805年, 作为对出发者的敬语. 表达方式 no such luck 表示对某事没有发生或不会发生的失望, 是1835年的事. Better luck next time 作为面对失望时鼓励的表达方式, 是1858年的, 但这个表达方式本身更早.

A gentleman was lately walking through St Giles's, where a levelling citizen attempting to pick his pocket of a handkerchief, which the gentleman caught in time, and secured, observing to the fellow, that he had missed his aim, the latter, with perfect sang-froid, answered, “better luck next time master.”   [“Monthly Mirror,” London, 1802]

Luck of the draw (1967年) 是来自玩牌. 在表达方式上常带有讽刺意味, 如 just (my) luck (1909). 要 out of luck 是来自1789年; 有一个人的. luck run out 是1966年的.

luck (v.)

到1945年, 从 luck (n.). To luck out “通过运气成功” 是美国英语口语, 到1946年得到证明; to luck into (好东西) 是1944年的. Lukken (15世纪中叶) 是中古英语中的动词, 意思是“发生, 机会;” 也是“幸运地发生” (来自名词或来自中古荷兰语 lucken), 但现代词可能是新形成的.

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Definitions of luck from WordNet

luck (n.)
your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you);
the luck of the Irish
luck (n.)
an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another;
bad luck caused his downfall
Synonyms: fortune / chance / hazard
luck (n.)
an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that leads to a favorable outcome;
they say luck is a lady
it was my good luck to be there
Synonyms: fortune
From wordnet.princeton.edu