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luck (n.)

16世纪 ,"fortune good or bad, what happens to one by chance (conceived as being favorable or not); good luck, quality of having a tendency to receive desired or beneficial outcomes,"在古英语中没有发现,可能来自早期的中荷兰语 luc ,是 gheluc "happiness, good fortune"的缩写,这个词的来源不明。它在现代荷兰语 geluk ,中高德语 g(e)lücke, ,德语 Glück "福气,好运"的同源词。

也许最早被借用到英语中,作为赌博用语。要 down on (one's) luck 是1832年的;要 in luck 是从1857年开始;到 push (one's) luck 是1911年的。 Good luck 1805年,作为对出发者的敬语。表达方式 no such luck 表示对某事没有发生或不会发生的失望,是1835年的事。 Better luck next time 作为面对失望时鼓励的表达方式,是1858年的,但这个表达方式本身更早。

A gentleman was lately walking through St Giles's, where a levelling citizen attempting to pick his pocket of a handkerchief, which the gentleman caught in time, and secured, observing to the fellow, that he had missed his aim, the latter, with perfect sang-froid , answered, "better luck next time master."  ["Monthly Mirror," London, 1802]

Luck of the draw (1967年)是来自玩牌。在表达方式上常带有讽刺意味,如 just (my) luck (1909).要 out of luck 是来自1789年;有一个人的。 luck run out 是1966年的。

luck (v.)

到1945年,从 luck (n.)。To luck out "通过运气成功"是美国英语口语,到1946年得到证明;to luck into (好东西)是1944年的。 Lukken (15世纪中叶)是中古英语中的动词,意思是"发生,机会;"也是"幸运地发生"(来自名词或来自中古荷兰语 lucken ),但现代词可能是新形成的。

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Definitions of luck from WordNet

luck (n.)
your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you);
the luck of the Irish
luck (n.)
an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another;
bad luck caused his downfall
Synonyms: fortune / chance / hazard
luck (n.)
an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that leads to a favorable outcome;
they say luck is a lady
it was my good luck to be there
Synonyms: fortune
From wordnet.princeton.edu