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like (adj.)

“具有相同的特征或品质” (作为另一个), 13世纪, lik, 是 y-lik 的简称, 来自古英语 gelic “像, 相似”, 来自原日耳曼语 *(ga) leika- “具有相同的形式”, 字面意思是“具有相应的身体” (来源也是古撒克逊语 gilik, 荷兰语 gelijk, 德语 gleich, 哥特语 galeiks “同样, 像” ).

这是 *ga- “与, 一起” +日耳曼语根 *lik- “身体, 形式; 像, 一样” 的复合词(来源也是古英语 lic “身体, 尸体;” 见 lich). 词源上类似于拉丁语 conform. 现代形式(而不是 *lich) 可能来自于古英语单词的北欧同源词 glikr 的北方后裔.

以前与比较词 liker 和上位词 likest (17世纪仍在使用). 介词(13世纪) 和副词(14世纪) 都来自形容词. 作为连词, 最早见于16世纪初, 简称 like as, like unto. 通俗 like to “几乎, 几乎” (“我喜欢笑死” )是17世纪, 简称 was like to / had like to “接近, 很可能”. 要 feel like “想, 有心情” 是1863年, 原为美式英语. 谚语模式如 like father, like son, 记载于1540年代.

意为“如” (“A Town Like Alice” )从1886年开始考证. 该词从1778年起被用作后置填充词(“going really fast, like”); 从1950年起被用作推定强调词(“going, like, really fast”), 最初用于反文化俚语和波普谈话. 词组 more like it “更接近所需” 是1888年的事.

like (v.)

古英语 lician “讨好, 讨好, 足够”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *likjan (来源也是古北欧语 lika, 古萨克森语 likon, 古弗里斯兰语 likia, 荷兰语 lijken “适合”, 古高德语 lihhen, 哥特语 leikan “讨好” ), 来自于 *lik- “身体, 形式; 像, 一样”.

意义发展不清楚, 也许是“喜欢” (见 like (adj.) ), 因此是“适合”. Like (和 dislike) 本来是没有人情味的, 而喜欢则流于其他方面. “音乐不喜欢你” [《维罗纳的两位绅士》]. 现代流开始出现在14世纪末(比较 please). 相关: Liked; liking.

like (n.)

“类似的东西” (对另一个), 古英语晚期, 来自 like (adj.). 来自14世纪, 作“平等, 匹配”. The like “something similar” 来自1550年代; the likes of 来自1630年代.

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Definitions of like from WordNet
1
like (v.)
prefer or wish to do something;
Would you like to come along to the movies?
Synonyms: wish / care
like (v.)
find enjoyable or agreeable;
I like jogging
She likes to read Russian novels
like (v.)
be fond of;
I like my nephews
like (v.)
feel about or towards; consider, evaluate, or regard;
How did you like the President's speech last night?
like (v.)
want to have;
I'd like a beer now!
2
like (adj.)
having the same or similar characteristics;
Synonyms: alike / similar
like (adj.)
resembling or similar; having the same or some of the same characteristics; often used in combination;
a limited circle of like minds
suits of like design
members of the cat family have like dispositions
as like as two peas in a pod
Synonyms: similar
like (adj.)
equal in amount or value;
gave one six blows and the other a like number
like amounts
Synonyms: same
like (adj.)
conforming in every respect;
the like period of the preceding year
3
like (n.)
a similar kind;
dogs, foxes, and the like
we don't want the likes of you around here
Synonyms: the like / the likes of
like (n.)
a kind of person;
We'll not see his like again
Synonyms: ilk
From wordnet.princeton.edu