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light (n.)

“光明, 辐射能量, 使事物可见的东西”, 古英语 leht (安格利语), leoht (西撒克逊语), “光, 日光; 精神上的照明”, 来自原日耳曼语 *leukhtam (来源也是古撒克逊语 lioht, 古弗里斯兰语 liacht, 中荷兰语 lucht, 荷兰语 licht, 古高德语 lioht, 德语 Licht, 哥特语 liuhaþ “光” ), 来自PIE词根 *leuk- “光, 光明”.

-gh- 是英法文字学试图渲染日耳曼语硬 -h- 的音, 后来这个词消失了. 形象的精神意义在古英语中; “精神照明” 的意义最早记载于15世纪中叶 意为“用于点燃的东西” 来自1680年代. 意为“把某一事物放在某种观点上的考虑” (如在 in light of) 是1680年代的. 1938年起简称为 traffic light. 贵格会的使用是在1650年代. New Light / Old Light 在教会教义中也是1650年代的. 意为“杰出或显赫的人”, 是1590年代的. 欢乐或喜悦的来源一直是 light of (someone's) eyes 自古英语.

Ðu eart dohtor min, minra eagna leoht [Juliana].

词组, 如 according to (one's) lights “尽人事, 听天命”, 保留了15世纪20年代以来的古老意义. 形象地说 stand in (someone's) light 是从14世纪末到 see the light “来到世界” 出自1680年代, 后作“完全实现” (1812). 摇滚音乐会 light-show 是1966年的. 要 out like a light “突然或完全失去意识” 是1934年的.

light (adj.1)

“不重, 没有什么实际重量”, 来自古英语 leoht (西撒克逊语), leht (盎格鲁语), “不重, 重量轻; 构造轻; 容易做, 琐碎; 快速, 敏捷”, 也指食物, 睡眠等, 来自古日耳曼语 *lingkhtaz (来源也是古诺尔斯语 lettr, 瑞典语 lätt, 古弗里斯语, 中荷兰语 licht, 德语 leicht, 哥特语 leihts), 来自PIE根 *legwh- “不重, 没有什么重量”. 副词是古英语 leohte, 来自形容词.

意为“轻浮”, 来自13世纪初; “不贞” 的意思来自14世纪末, 均来自“缺乏道德重心” 的概念(比较 levity). 15世纪90年代的文献中. Light industry (1919) 利用了比较轻的材料. 中的概念. make light of 1520年代) 是“不重要”. 另一种拼法 lite, 广告商的宠儿, 最早记载于1962年. Light horse “轻装骑兵” 是1530年代的. Light-skirts “女人的容易美德” 是从1590年代开始考证的. Lighter-than-air (adj.) 出自1887年.

light (v.1)

“触地”, 如鸟儿从飞翔中下来, “下马或下降”, 如人从马背上下来, 来自古英语 lihtan “减轻; 减轻, 使之不那么重”, 来自原日耳曼语 *linkhtijan, 字面意思是“使之轻盈”, 来自 *lingkhtaz “不重” (见 light (adj. 1) ). 显然词源义是“下马” (马等), 从而减轻它的重量“.”

Alight, 已经成为比较常用的词. To light on “碰上, 碰上” 是15世纪末至 light out “匆匆离去, 颓然离去” 是1866年, 出自航海意义上的“迁出, 搬动重物” (1841年), 这个词来源不明, 但或许属于这个词(比较 lighter (n. 1) ).

light (v.2)

“放光; 放火”, 晚期古英语 lihtan (安格利安语), liehtan (西撒克逊语), 原为转义词, “点燃, 放火”, 也有灵性意义, “照亮, 充满光明”. 是常见的日耳曼语(同源语. 古撒克逊语 liohtian, 古高德语 liuhtan, 德文 leuchten, 哥特语 liuhtjan “点燃” ), 来源于 light (n.).

意思是“为其提供光亮”, 来自13世纪; “发出光, 洒下光, 照耀” 的意义来自14世纪. 巴克写道, light “即使用火, 也比 kindle, 只有 light, 而不是 kindle, 用蜡烛, 灯, 烟斗等更常见.” To light up 来自13世纪, 作“给光” (房间等); 1861年指烟斗, 雪茄等. 相关链接: Lighted; lighting.

light (adj.2)

“不暗”, 古英语 leoht (西撒克逊语), leht (盎格鲁语), “发光的, 明亮的, 美丽的, 闪亮的; 有很多光”, 来自于古日耳曼语 *leuhta- (来源也是古撒克逊语和古高德语 lioht, 古弗里斯兰语 liacht, 德语 licht “明亮” ), 来自于古英语 leoht (见 light (n.) )的来源. 意思是“pale-hued” 来自1540年代; 15世纪初开始加在其他颜色形容词前 在早期的中古英语中, 在提到颜色时, 它的意思是“明亮, 鲜艳” (14世纪初).

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Definitions of light from WordNet
1
light (adj.)
marked by temperance in indulgence;
a light eater
a light smoker
ate a light supper
Synonyms: abstemious
light (adj.)
less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so;
a light pound
Synonyms: scant / short
light (adj.)
of comparatively little physical weight or density;
magnesium is a light metal--having a specific gravity of 1.74 at 20 degrees C
a light load
light (adj.)
(used of color) having a relatively small amount of coloring agent;
light blue
a light-colored powder
light colors such as pastels
Synonyms: light-colored
light (adj.)
of the military or industry; using (or being) relatively small or light arms or equipment;
light weapons
light industry
light cavalry
light infantry
light (adj.)
not great in degree or quantity or number;
a light sentence
light snow was falling
light misty rain
casualties were light
light smoke from the chimney
a light accent
light (adj.)
psychologically light; especially free from sadness or troubles;
a light heart
light (adj.)
characterized by or emitting light;
the inside of the house was airy and light
a room that is light when the shutters are open
light (adj.)
(used of vowels or syllables) pronounced with little or no stress;
a syllable that ends in a short vowel is a light syllable
Synonyms: unaccented / weak
light (adj.)
easily assimilated in the alimentary canal; not rich or heavily seasoned;
a light diet
light (adj.)
(used of soil) loose and large-grained in consistency;
light soil
light (adj.)
(of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims;
a light lilting voice like a silver bell
Synonyms: clean / clear / unclouded
light (adj.)
demanding little effort; not burdensome;
light housework
light exercise
light (adj.)
of little intensity or power or force;
a light breeze
the light touch of her fingers
light (adj.)
(physics, chemistry) not having atomic weight greater than average;
light water is ordinary water
light (adj.)
weak and likely to lose consciousness;
light-headed from lack of sleep
light-headed with wine
felt light in the head
Synonyms: faint / swooning / light-headed / lightheaded
light (adj.)
very thin and insubstantial;
light summer dresses
light (adj.)
having little importance;
losing his job was no light matter
light (adj.)
intended primarily as entertainment; not serious or profound;
light verse
a light comedy
light (adj.)
silly or trivial;
light idle chatter
light banter
Synonyms: idle
light (adj.)
having relatively few calories;
Synonyms: lite / low-cal / calorie-free
light (adj.)
(of sleep) easily disturbed;
a light sleeper
in a light doze
Synonyms: wakeful
light (adj.)
casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior;
he was told to avoid loose (or light) women
Synonyms: easy / loose / promiscuous / sluttish / wanton
2
light (n.)
(physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation;
the light was filtered through a soft glass window
Synonyms: visible light / visible radiation
light (n.)
any device serving as a source of illumination;
he stopped the car and turned off the lights
Synonyms: light source
light (n.)
a particular perspective or aspect of a situation;
although he saw it in a different light, he still did not understand
light (n.)
the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light;
Synonyms: luminosity / brightness / brightness level / luminance / luminousness
light (n.)
an illuminated area;
he stepped into the light
light (n.)
a condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination;
follow God's light
Synonyms: illumination
light (n.)
the visual effect of illumination on objects or scenes as created in pictures;
Synonyms: lightness
light (n.)
a person regarded very fondly;
the light of my life
light (n.)
having abundant light or illumination;
as long as the lighting was good
they played as long as it was light
Synonyms: lighting
light (n.)
mental understanding as an enlightening experience;
he finally saw the light
can you shed light on this problem?
light (n.)
merriment expressed by a brightness or gleam or animation of countenance;
Synonyms: sparkle / twinkle / spark
light (n.)
public awareness;
it brought the scandal to light
light (n.)
a visual warning signal;
there was a light at every corner
they saw the light of the beacon
light (n.)
a device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires;
do you have a light?
Synonyms: lighter / igniter / ignitor
3
light (v.)
make lighter or brighter;
Synonyms: illume / illumine / light up / illuminate
light (v.)
begin to smoke;
After the meal, some of the diners lit up
Synonyms: light up / fire up
light (v.)
to come to rest, settle;
Misfortune lighted upon him
Synonyms: alight / perch
light (v.)
cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat;
Synonyms: ignite
light (v.)
fall to somebody by assignment or lot;
Synonyms: fall
light (v.)
alight from (a horse);
Synonyms: unhorse / dismount / get off / get down
light (v.)
start or maintain a fire in;
Synonyms: fire / ignite
4
light (adv.)
with few burdens;
experienced travellers travel light
Synonyms: lightly
5
Light (n.)
a divine presence believed by Quakers to enlighten and guide the soul;
Synonyms: Inner Light / Light Within / Christ Within
From wordnet.princeton.edu