Advertisement

light (n.)

"光明,辐射能量,使事物可见的东西",古英语 leht (安格利语), leoht (西撒克逊语),"光,日光;精神上的照明",来自原日耳曼语 *leukhtam (来源也是古撒克逊语 lioht ,古弗里斯兰语 liacht ,中荷兰语 lucht ,荷兰语 licht ,古高德语 lioht ,德语 Licht ,哥特语 liuhaþ "光"),来自PIE词根 *leuk- "光,光明"。

-gh- 是英法文字学试图渲染日耳曼语硬 -h- 的音,后来这个词消失了。形象的精神意义在古英语中;"精神照明"的意义最早记载于15世纪中叶 意为"用于点燃的东西"来自1680年代。意为"把某一事物放在某种观点上的考虑"(如在 in light of )是1680年代的。1938年起简称为 traffic light 。贵格会的使用是在1650年代。 New Light / Old Light 在教会教义中也是1650年代的。意为"杰出或显赫的人",是1590年代的。欢乐或喜悦的来源一直是 light of (someone's) eyes 自古英语。

Ðu eart dohtor min, minra eagna leoht [Juliana].

词组,如 according to (one's) lights "尽人事,听天命",保留了15世纪20年代以来的古老意义。形象地说 stand in (someone's) light 是从14世纪末到 see the light "来到世界"出自1680年代,后作"完全实现"(1812)。摇滚音乐会 light-show 是1966年的。要 out like a light "突然或完全失去意识"是1934年的。

light (adj.1)

"不重,没有什么实际重量",来自古英语 leoht (西撒克逊语), leht (盎格鲁语),"不重,重量轻;构造轻;容易做,琐碎;快速,敏捷",也指食物、睡眠等,来自古日耳曼语 *lingkhtaz (来源也是古诺尔斯语 lettr ,瑞典语 lätt ,古弗里斯语,中荷兰语 licht ,德语 leicht ,哥特语 leihts ),来自PIE根 *legwh- "不重,没有什么重量"。副词是古英语 leohte ,来自形容词。

意为"轻浮",来自13世纪初;"不贞"的意思来自14世纪末,均来自"缺乏道德重心"的概念(比较 levity )。15世纪90年代的文献中。 Light industry (1919)利用了比较轻的材料。中的概念。 make light of 1520年代)是"不重要"。另一种拼法 lite ,广告商的宠儿,最早记载于1962年。 Light horse "轻装骑兵"是1530年代的。 Light-skirts "女人的容易美德"是从1590年代开始考证的。 Lighter-than-air (adj.)出自1887年。

light (v.1)

"触地",如鸟儿从飞翔中下来,"下马或下降",如人从马背上下来,来自古英语 lihtan "减轻;减轻,使之不那么重",来自原日耳曼语 *linkhtijan ,字面意思是"使之轻盈",来自 *lingkhtaz "不重"(见 light ( adj.1))。显然词源义是"下马"(马等),从而减轻它的重量"。"

Alight ,已经成为比较常用的词。To light on "碰上,碰上"是15世纪末至 light out "匆匆离去,颓然离去"是1866年,出自航海意义上的"迁出,搬动重物"(1841年),这个词来源不明,但或许属于这个词(比较 lighter (n.1))。

light (v.2)

"放光;放火",晚期古英语 lihtan (安格利安语), liehtan (西撒克逊语),原为转义词,"点燃,放火",也有灵性意义,"照亮,充满光明"。是常见的日耳曼语(同源语。古撒克逊语 liohtian ,古高德语 liuhtan ,德文 leuchten ,哥特语 liuhtjan "点燃"),来源于 light (n.)。

意思是"为其提供光亮",来自13世纪;"发出光,洒下光,照耀"的意义来自14世纪。巴克写道, light "即使用火,也比 kindle ,只有 light ,而不是 kindle ,用蜡烛、灯、烟斗等更常见。"To light up 来自13世纪,作"给光"(房间等);1861年指烟斗、雪茄等。相关链接: Lighted ; lighting

light (adj.2)

"不暗",古英语 leoht (西撒克逊语), leht (盎格鲁语),"发光的,明亮的,美丽的,闪亮的;有很多光",来自于古日耳曼语 *leuhta- (来源也是古撒克逊语和古高德语 lioht ,古弗里斯兰语 liacht ,德语 licht "明亮"),来自于古英语 leoht (见 light (n.))的来源。意思是"pale-hued"来自1540年代;15世纪初开始加在其他颜色形容词前 在早期的中古英语中,在提到颜色时,它的意思是"明亮、鲜艳"(14世纪初)。

Others are reading

Advertisement
Advertisement
Definitions of light from WordNet
1
light (adj.)
marked by temperance in indulgence;
a light eater
a light smoker
ate a light supper
Synonyms: abstemious
light (adj.)
less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so;
a light pound
Synonyms: scant / short
light (adj.)
of comparatively little physical weight or density;
magnesium is a light metal--having a specific gravity of 1.74 at 20 degrees C
a light load
light (adj.)
(used of color) having a relatively small amount of coloring agent;
light blue
a light-colored powder
light colors such as pastels
Synonyms: light-colored
light (adj.)
of the military or industry; using (or being) relatively small or light arms or equipment;
light weapons
light industry
light cavalry
light infantry
light (adj.)
not great in degree or quantity or number;
a light sentence
light snow was falling
light misty rain
casualties were light
light smoke from the chimney
a light accent
light (adj.)
psychologically light; especially free from sadness or troubles;
a light heart
light (adj.)
characterized by or emitting light;
the inside of the house was airy and light
a room that is light when the shutters are open
light (adj.)
(used of vowels or syllables) pronounced with little or no stress;
a syllable that ends in a short vowel is a light syllable
Synonyms: unaccented / weak
light (adj.)
easily assimilated in the alimentary canal; not rich or heavily seasoned;
a light diet
light (adj.)
(used of soil) loose and large-grained in consistency;
light soil
light (adj.)
(of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims;
a light lilting voice like a silver bell
Synonyms: clean / clear / unclouded
light (adj.)
demanding little effort; not burdensome;
light housework
light exercise
light (adj.)
of little intensity or power or force;
a light breeze
the light touch of her fingers
light (adj.)
(physics, chemistry) not having atomic weight greater than average;
light water is ordinary water
light (adj.)
weak and likely to lose consciousness;
light-headed from lack of sleep
light-headed with wine
felt light in the head
Synonyms: faint / swooning / light-headed / lightheaded
light (adj.)
very thin and insubstantial;
light summer dresses
light (adj.)
having little importance;
losing his job was no light matter
light (adj.)
intended primarily as entertainment; not serious or profound;
light verse
a light comedy
light (adj.)
silly or trivial;
light idle chatter
light banter
Synonyms: idle
light (adj.)
having relatively few calories;
Synonyms: lite / low-cal / calorie-free
light (adj.)
(of sleep) easily disturbed;
a light sleeper
in a light doze
Synonyms: wakeful
light (adj.)
casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior;
he was told to avoid loose (or light) women
Synonyms: easy / loose / promiscuous / sluttish / wanton
2
light (n.)
(physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation;
the light was filtered through a soft glass window
Synonyms: visible light / visible radiation
light (n.)
any device serving as a source of illumination;
he stopped the car and turned off the lights
Synonyms: light source
light (n.)
a particular perspective or aspect of a situation;
although he saw it in a different light, he still did not understand
light (n.)
the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light;
Synonyms: luminosity / brightness / brightness level / luminance / luminousness
light (n.)
an illuminated area;
he stepped into the light
light (n.)
a condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination;
follow God's light
Synonyms: illumination
light (n.)
the visual effect of illumination on objects or scenes as created in pictures;
Synonyms: lightness
light (n.)
a person regarded very fondly;
the light of my life
light (n.)
having abundant light or illumination;
as long as the lighting was good
they played as long as it was light
Synonyms: lighting
light (n.)
mental understanding as an enlightening experience;
he finally saw the light
can you shed light on this problem?
light (n.)
merriment expressed by a brightness or gleam or animation of countenance;
Synonyms: sparkle / twinkle / spark
light (n.)
public awareness;
it brought the scandal to light
light (n.)
a visual warning signal;
there was a light at every corner
they saw the light of the beacon
light (n.)
a device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires;
do you have a light?
Synonyms: lighter / igniter / ignitor
3
light (v.)
make lighter or brighter;
Synonyms: illume / illumine / light up / illuminate
light (v.)
begin to smoke;
After the meal, some of the diners lit up
Synonyms: light up / fire up
light (v.)
to come to rest, settle;
Misfortune lighted upon him
Synonyms: alight / perch
light (v.)
cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat;
Synonyms: ignite
light (v.)
fall to somebody by assignment or lot;
Synonyms: fall
light (v.)
alight from (a horse);
Synonyms: unhorse / dismount / get off / get down
light (v.)
start or maintain a fire in;
Synonyms: fire / ignite
4
light (adv.)
with few burdens;
experienced travellers travel light
Synonyms: lightly
5
Light (n.)
a divine presence believed by Quakers to enlighten and guide the soul;
Synonyms: Inner Light / Light Within / Christ Within
From wordnet.princeton.edu