lie (v.1)

"speak falsely,tell an untruth for the purpose of misleading",12世纪末,来自古英语 leganligan ,更早的 leogan "deceive,belie,betray"(二类强动词。过去式 leag ,过去分词 logen ),来自原日耳曼语 *leuganan (也是古北欧语 ljuga ,丹麦语 lyve ,古弗里斯兰语 liaga ,古撒克逊语和古高德语 liogan ,德语 lügen ,哥特语 liugan ),词源不明,在古教会斯拉夫语 lugati ,俄语 luigatĭ ,可能有同源词;在拉丁语、希腊语和梵语中没有发现。强调 lie through (one's) teeth ,是20世纪40年代的。

lie (v.2)

"横卧休息,呈卧姿",12世纪初,来自古英语 licgan (V类强动词;过去时 læg ,过去分词 legen )"坐落,有特定的位置;保持;休息,躺下",来自原日耳曼语 *legjan (来源也是古诺尔曼语 liggja ,古撒克逊语 liggian ,古弗里斯兰语 lidzia ,中荷兰语 ligghen ,荷兰语 liggen ,古高德语 ligen ,德语 liegen ,哥特语 ligan "躺下"),来自PIE词根 *legh- "躺下,躺着"。

尤其是"躺在床上",因此往往带有性的意味,如在。 lie with "have sexual intercourse"(14世纪),比较古英语 licgan mid "cohabit with"。要 lie in "被带入产房"是15世纪中叶至。 lie to 在海上就是停滞不前。要 take (something) lying down "receive passively,receive with abject submission"出自1854年。

lie (n.1)

"不真实的,意图欺骗的虚假陈述",古英语 lygelige "谎言,假话",来自于原日耳曼语 *lugiz (来源也是古北欧语 lygi ,丹麦语 løgn ,古弗里斯兰语 leyne (女),荷兰语 leugen (女),古高德语 lugi ,德语 Lüge ,哥特语 liugn "谎言"),来自于 lie (v.1)的词根。对 give the lie to "直接指责撒谎"的说法,从1590年代就有证据。 Lie-detector 最早记录于1909年。

In mod. use, the word is normally a violent expression of moral reprobation, which in polite conversation tends to be avoided, the synonyms falsehood and untruth being often substituted as relatively euphemistic. [OED]

lie (n.2)

"躺的方式,相对位置",1690年代,来自 lie (v.2)。高尔夫中的Sense是1857年的。

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Definitions of lie from WordNet
lie (v.)
be located or situated somewhere; occupy a certain position;
lie (v.)
be lying, be prostrate; be in a horizontal position;
The sick man lay in bed all day
the books are lying on the shelf
lie (v.)
originate (in);
Synonyms: dwell / consist / lie in
lie (v.)
be and remain in a particular state or condition;
lie dormant
lie (v.)
tell an untruth; pretend with intent to deceive;
She lied when she told me she was only 29
Don't lie to your parents
lie (v.)
have a place in relation to something else;
The fate of Bosnia lies in the hands of the West
Synonyms: rest
lie (v.)
assume a reclining position;
lie down on the bed until you feel better
Synonyms: lie down
lie (n.)
a statement that deviates from or perverts the truth;
Synonyms: prevarication
lie (n.)
position or manner in which something is situated;
Lie (n.)
Norwegian diplomat who was the first Secretary General of the United Nations (1896-1968);
Synonyms: Trygve Lie / Trygve Halvden Lie