Etymology
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learn (v.)

古英语 leornian “获得知识, 受到熏陶; 学习, 阅读, 思考”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *lisnojanan (同源词. 古弗里斯兰语 lernia, 中荷兰语 leeren, 荷兰语 leren, 古高德语 lernen, 德语 lernen “学习”, 哥特语 lais “我知道” ), 其基本意义是“跟随或找到轨道”, 来自PIE根 *lois- “沟渠, 轨道”. 它与德语 Gleis “轨道” 和古英语 læst “脚底板” 有关(见 last (n. 1) ).

自13世纪作“听闻, 确定”. 转折用法(He learned me (how) to read), 现在被认为是粗俗的(除了在反身表达中, I learn English), 从13世纪到19世纪初都是可以接受的. 它保留在过去分词形容词 learned “通过学习获得知识”. 古英语也有 læran “教” (见 lere). 相关链接: Learning.

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Definitions of learn

learn (v.)
gain knowledge or skills;
I learned Sanskrit
She learned dancing from her sister
Synonyms: larn / acquire
learn (v.)
get to know or become aware of, usually accidentally;
I learned that she has two grown-up children
Synonyms: hear / get word / get wind / pick up / find out / get a line / discover / see
learn (v.)
commit to memory; learn by heart;
Synonyms: memorize / memorise / con
learn (v.)
be a student of a certain subject;
Synonyms: study / read / take
learn (v.)
impart skills or knowledge to;
Synonyms: teach / instruct
learn (v.)
find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort;
Synonyms: determine / check / find out / see / ascertain / watch
From wordnet.princeton.edu