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lead (v.1)

"引导",古英语 lædan (转义)"造成与自己同行;行进在头,作为向导走在前面,陪伴和指路;进行;萌芽,带出;传递(自己的生命)", liðan "旅行"的因果关系,来自于古日耳曼语 *laidjanan (也是古撒克逊语 lithan "走"的来源,古北欧语 liða "走",古高德语 ga-lidan "走",哥特语 ga-leiþan "走"),来自于PIE *leit- (2)"走出去"。

13世纪,道路的。意为"居于首位",来自14世纪末 不动词意义,"充当领袖的角色",来自1570年代。在打牌中的意义,"开始一轮或一招",来自1670年代。意思是"在音乐表演或祈祷中担任指挥部分",来自1849年。相关链接: Led ; leading .

lead with one's chin "在比赛中让自己处于弱势"(1946年)是拳击运动中的一个数字。要 lead on "诱之以进"出自1590年代。为了形象地 lead (someone) by the nose "劝导"是从1580年代开始的,从吃力不讨好的动物(早 lead by the sleeve ,15世纪初)。到 lead (someone) a dance "compel through a course of irksome actions" is from 1520s.

lead (n.1)

重金属,古英语 lead "铅,铅制容器",来自西日耳曼语 *lauda- (也是古弗里斯兰语 lad ,中荷兰语 loot ,荷兰语 lood "铅",德语 Lot "重量,暴跌"的来源),这个词的来源不明。这个名字和使用金属的技巧似乎是从凯尔特人那里借来的(比较古爱尔兰语 luaide )。

至少从14世纪早期的美国英语俚语开始,就有了沉重的形象。 lead balloon "惨败"在1957年得到证明,也许是1940年代(作为一种只有努力才能跟上的重物,来自1904年)。 Lead-footed "slow"来自1896年;相反意义的"fast"出现在1940年代的卡车司机的行话中,来自脚重踩油门踏板的概念。

意为"铅笔中的石墨",出自1816年(见 pencil (n.))。 Black lead 是"石墨"的古称,因此 lead pencil (1680年代)和俗语的形象化用语,以有 lead in one's pencil "具有(特别是男性性)活力",1902年证明。 White lead 1560年代)是"锡"的旧称。

1610年代作为暗淡的蓝灰色的名称。1590年代起作为"子弹"的形象化。氧化铅多用于琉璃、制镜和颜料。在印刷中,"薄薄的金属铅条(通常是铅,但有时也是黄铜),在构图中用来分隔线条",来自1808年,更早的 space-lineLead-poisoning 是1848年的,更早的 lead-distemper (1774年)。

lead (n.2)

14世纪 ,"领导的行动",出自 lead (v.1)。意为"前面或领先的地方",是1560年代的。约翰逊污蔑它是"一个低级的、可鄙的词"。在打牌中的意义,"先打的行动或特权",来自1742年;在戏剧中的意义,"主要部分",来自1831年;在新闻学中的意义,"新闻报道的最初摘要",来自1912年(通常拼写为 lede ,以区别于以前在排版中起重要作用的 lead (n.1)。拳击意义是从1906年开始的。在爵士乐队中,从1934年开始,指主要部分;更早的时候,它在音乐中用于指先起飞的部分的赋格(1880年),被其他部分"跟随"。

意为"通过例子给出的方向"(如 follow (someone's) lead )是到1863年,"解决的线索"是到1851年,都是从"要遵循的事情"的概念。作为形容词,"引导",到1846年。 Lead-time "产生某事所需的时间"是1945年,美国英语。

lead (v.2)

15世纪初,"用铅做",来自 lead (n.1)。意思是"用铅覆盖",来自15世纪中叶,1841年印刷,也是 lead out

lead (adj.)

"由铅制成或类似于铅",14世纪末,来自 lead (n.1)。

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Definitions of lead from WordNet
1
lead (n.)
an advantage held by a competitor in a race;
he took the lead at the last turn
lead (n.)
a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey;
the children were playing with lead soldiers
Synonyms: Pb / atomic number "
lead (n.)
evidence pointing to a possible solution;
the police are following a promising lead
the trail led straight to the perpetrator
Synonyms: track / trail
lead (n.)
a position of being the initiator of something and an example that others will follow (especially in the phrase `take the lead');
we were just waiting for someone to take the lead
they didn't follow our lead
he takes the lead in any group
lead (n.)
the angle between the direction a gun is aimed and the position of a moving target (correcting for the flight time of the missile);
lead (n.)
the introductory section of a story;
it was an amusing lead-in to a very serious matter
Synonyms: lead-in / lede
lead (n.)
(sports) the score by which a team or individual is winning;
lead (n.)
an actor who plays a principal role;
Synonyms: star / principal
lead (n.)
(baseball) the position taken by a base runner preparing to advance to the next base;
he took a long lead off first
lead (n.)
an indication of potential opportunity;
a good lead for a job
Synonyms: tip / steer / confidential information / wind / hint
lead (n.)
a news story of major importance;
Synonyms: lead story
lead (n.)
the timing of ignition relative to the position of the piston in an internal-combustion engine;
Synonyms: spark advance
lead (n.)
restraint consisting of a rope (or light chain) used to restrain an animal;
Synonyms: leash / tether
lead (n.)
thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing;
Synonyms: leading
lead (n.)
mixture of graphite with clay in different degrees of hardness; the marking substance in a pencil;
Synonyms: pencil lead
lead (n.)
a jumper that consists of a short piece of wire;
it was a tangle of jumper cables and clip leads
Synonyms: jumper cable / jumper lead / booster cable
lead (n.)
the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge;
the lead was in the dummy
2
lead (v.)
take somebody somewhere;
We lead him to our chief
Synonyms: take / direct / conduct / guide
lead (v.)
produce as a result or residue;
Synonyms: leave / result
lead (v.)
tend to or result in;
This remark lead to further arguments among the guests
lead (v.)
travel in front of; go in advance of others;
Synonyms: head
lead (v.)
cause to undertake a certain action;
Her greed led her to forge the checks
lead (v.)
stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point;
Synonyms: run / go / pass / extend
lead (v.)
be in charge of;
Synonyms: head
lead (v.)
be ahead of others; be the first;
Synonyms: top
lead (v.)
be conducive to;
The use of computers in the classroom lead to better writing
Synonyms: contribute / conduce
lead (v.)
lead, as in the performance of a composition; "conduct an orchestra; Barenboim conducted the Chicago symphony for years";
Synonyms: conduct / direct
lead (v.)
lead, extend, or afford access;
Synonyms: go
lead (v.)
move ahead (of others) in time or space;
Synonyms: precede
lead (v.)
cause something to pass or lead somewhere;
Synonyms: run
lead (v.)
preside over;
Synonyms: moderate / chair
From wordnet.princeton.edu