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language (n.)

13世纪晚期, langage "话语,所说的话,交谈,谈话",来自古法语 langage "演讲,话语,演说;部落,人民,国家"(12世纪),来自古拉丁语 *linguaticum ,来自拉丁语 lingua "舌头",也是"演讲,语言",来自PIE根 *dnghu- "舌头"。

-u- 是英法的插入语(见 gu- ),它原本不发音。意为"表达方式"( vulgar language ,等)来自14世纪。意为"一种语言",如英语、法语、阿拉伯语等,来自14世纪;《世纪词典》(1897年)的定义是。"一个特定的社区所使用和理解的作为其思想表达的全部语言符号;一个社区中用于交流和记录以及用于进行思想过程的词语和组合成句子的方法的总和。"布特坎(2005)写道:"一般来说,只要语言能够进行共同的创新,语言的统一性就会存在,但这并不排除方言之间存在深刻的差异。"

在中古英语中,这个词也是用于方言的。

Mercii, þat beeþ men of myddel Engelond[,] vnderstondeþ bettre þe side langages, norþerne and souþerne, þan norþerne and souþerne vnderstondeþ eiþer oþer. [Bartholomew Glanville, "De proprietatibus rerum," c. 1240, translated by John of Trevisa c. 1398]

In oþir inglis was it drawin, And turnid ic haue it til ur awin Language of the norþin lede, Þat can na noþir inglis rede. ["Cursor Mundi," early 14 Century]

Language barrier 证明了1885年的情况。

Origin and meaning of language

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Definitions of language from WordNet

language (n.)
a systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols;
the language introduced is standard throughout the text
the speed with which a program can be executed depends on the language in which it is written
he taught foreign languages
Synonyms: linguistic communication
language (n.)
(language) communication by word of mouth;
he recorded the spoken language of the streets
he uttered harsh language
Synonyms: speech / speech communication / spoken communication / spoken language / voice communication / oral communication
language (n.)
the text of a popular song or musical-comedy number;
the song uses colloquial language
Synonyms: lyric / words
language (n.)
the cognitive processes involved in producing and understanding linguistic communication;
he didn't have the language to express his feelings
Synonyms: linguistic process
language (n.)
the mental faculty or power of vocal communication;
language sets homo sapiens apart from all other animals
Synonyms: speech
language (n.)
a system of words used to name things in a particular discipline;
the language of sociology
From wordnet.princeton.edu