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labor (n.)

14世纪, “一项任务, 一项工程” (如海格力斯的劳作); 后来是“身体的劳累; 麻烦, 困难, 艰辛” (14世纪晚期), 来自古法语 labor “辛苦, 工作, 劳累, 任务; 磨难, 痛苦” (12世纪, 现代法语 labeur), 来自拉丁语 labor “劳累, 劳作; 艰辛, 痛苦, 疲劳; 一项工作, 劳动产品”, 这个词的来源不明. 有些资料大胆地认为, 它可能与 labere “totter” 有关, 有“在重担下摇摇欲坠” 的概念, 但de Vaan认为这不能令人信服. 本土词是 work.

意为“被视为一个阶级的劳动者的身体” (通常与 capitalists) 来自1839年; 英国的政治意义见 labour. “分娩时的体力消耗” 的意义是从1590年代开始被证明的, 简称 labour of birthe (15世纪初); 这个意义在古法语中也有, 比较法语 en travail “在(分娩时) 受苦” (见 travail). Labor Day 是1882年在纽约市首次标明的. 监狱的 labor camp 是1900年考证的. Labor-saving (adj.) 是由1776年. Labor of love 是由1797年.

labor (v.)

14世纪末, “从事体力或体能劳动; 努力工作; 忙碌; 吃苦, 奋斗, 努力” (也有“交媾” 的意思), 来自古法语 laborer “工作, 劳累; 奋斗, 有困难; 忙碌; 耕地”, 来自拉丁语 laborare “工作, 努力, 吃苦, 用力; 劳作生产; 受苦, 受难; 受困或困难”, 来自 labor “劳苦, 工作, 用力” (见 labor (n.

动词在现代法语, 西班牙语和葡萄牙语中的意思是“耕耘”, 更广泛的意义是由相当于英语的 travail. “忍受痛苦, 受苦” 的意义是15世纪早期, 特别是在短语 labor of child (15世纪中期). 意思是“负担” (有麻烦, 苦难等, 通常与 under) 是从15世纪末开始的 转义意义已倾向于与 belabor. 相关: Labored; laboring.

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Definitions of labor from WordNet
1
labor (n.)
a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages;
there is a shortage of skilled labor in this field
Synonyms: labour / working class / proletariat
labor (n.)
productive work (especially physical work done for wages);
his labor did not require a great deal of skill
Synonyms: labour / toil
labor (n.)
concluding state of pregnancy; from the onset of contractions to the birth of a child;
she was in labor for six hours
Synonyms: parturiency / labour / confinement / lying-in / travail / childbed
labor (n.)
an organized attempt by workers to improve their status by united action (particularly via labor unions) or the leaders of this movement;
Synonyms: labor movement / trade union movement
labor (n.)
any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted;
Synonyms: undertaking / project / task
2
labor (v.)
strive and make an effort to reach a goal;
Synonyms: tug / labour / push / drive
labor (v.)
work hard;
Synonyms: labour / toil / fag / travail / grind / drudge / dig / moil
labor (v.)
undergo the efforts of childbirth;
Synonyms: labour
3
Labor (n.)
a political party formed in Great Britain in 1900; characterized by the promotion of labor's interests and formerly the socialization of key industries;
Synonyms: British Labour Party / Labour Party / Labour
Labor (n.)
the federal department responsible for promoting the working conditions of wage earners in the United States; created in 1913;
Synonyms: Department of Labor / Labor Department / DoL
From wordnet.princeton.edu