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labor (n.)

14世纪,"一项任务,一项工程"(如海格力斯的劳作);后来是"身体的劳累;麻烦、困难、艰辛"(14世纪晚期),来自古法语 labor "辛苦、工作、劳累、任务;磨难、痛苦"(12世纪,现代法语 labeur ),来自拉丁语 labor "劳累、劳作;艰辛、痛苦、疲劳;一项工作、劳动产品",这个词的来源不明。有些资料大胆地认为,它可能与 labere "totter"有关,有"在重担下摇摇欲坠"的概念,但de Vaan认为这不能令人信服。本土词是 work

意为"被视为一个阶级的劳动者的身体"(通常与 capitalists )来自1839年;英国的政治意义见 labour 。"分娩时的体力消耗"的意义是从1590年代开始被证明的,简称 labour of birthe (15世纪初);这个意义在古法语中也有,比较法语 en travail "在(分娩时)受苦"(见 travail )。 Labor Day 是1882年在纽约市首次标明的。监狱的 labor camp 是1900年考证的。 Labor-saving (adj.)是由1776年。 Labor of love 是由1797年。

labor (v.)

14世纪末,"从事体力或体能劳动;努力工作;忙碌;吃苦、奋斗、努力"(也有"交媾"的意思),来自古法语 laborer "工作,劳累;奋斗,有困难;忙碌;耕地",来自拉丁语 laborare "工作,努力,吃苦,用力;劳作生产;受苦,受难;受困或困难",来自 labor "劳苦,工作,用力"(见 labor (n.

动词在现代法语、西班牙语和葡萄牙语中的意思是"耕耘",更广泛的意义是由相当于英语的 travail 。"忍受痛苦、受苦"的意义是15世纪早期,特别是在短语 labor of child (15世纪中期)。意思是"负担"(有麻烦、苦难等,通常与 under )是从15世纪末开始的 转义意义已倾向于与 belabor 。相关: Labored ; laboring

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Definitions of labor from WordNet
1
labor (n.)
a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages;
there is a shortage of skilled labor in this field
Synonyms: labour / working class / proletariat
labor (n.)
productive work (especially physical work done for wages);
his labor did not require a great deal of skill
Synonyms: labour / toil
labor (n.)
concluding state of pregnancy; from the onset of contractions to the birth of a child;
she was in labor for six hours
Synonyms: parturiency / labour / confinement / lying-in / travail / childbed
labor (n.)
an organized attempt by workers to improve their status by united action (particularly via labor unions) or the leaders of this movement;
Synonyms: labor movement / trade union movement
labor (n.)
any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted;
Synonyms: undertaking / project / task
2
labor (v.)
strive and make an effort to reach a goal;
Synonyms: tug / labour / push / drive
labor (v.)
work hard;
Synonyms: labour / toil / fag / travail / grind / drudge / dig / moil
labor (v.)
undergo the efforts of childbirth;
Synonyms: labour
3
Labor (n.)
a political party formed in Great Britain in 1900; characterized by the promotion of labor's interests and formerly the socialization of key industries;
Synonyms: British Labour Party / Labour Party / Labour
Labor (n.)
the federal department responsible for promoting the working conditions of wage earners in the United States; created in 1913;
Synonyms: Department of Labor / Labor Department / DoL
From wordnet.princeton.edu