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king (n.)

cyning “国王, 统治者” (也用作头衔) 的古英语后期缩略语, 来自于原日耳曼语 *kuningaz (也是荷兰语 koning, 古北欧语 konungr, 丹麦语 konge, 古撒克逊语和古高德语 kuning, 中高德语 künic, 德语 König).

这是不确定的起源. 它可能与古英语 cynn “家庭, 种族” (见 kin) 有关, 使得一个 king 本来是“人民的领袖”. 或者, 它可能来自一个相关的史前日耳曼语词, 意思是“高贵的出身”, 使a king 在词源上成为“高贵出身的后裔” (或“神圣种族的后裔” ). 其社会学和意识形态的影响使之成为一个争论不休的话题. “ kingkin 的确切概念关系尚未确定, 但词源关系几乎不容置疑” [世纪词典].

一般日耳曼语, 但在哥特语中没有得到证明, 在哥特语中, þiudans (与古英语 þeoden “部落首领, 统治者, 王子, 国王” 同源). 芬兰语 kuningas “国王”, 古教会斯拉夫语 kunegu “王子” (俄语 knyaz, 波西米亚语 knez), 立陶宛语 kunigas “神职人员” 都是这个词取自日耳曼语的形式. 意思是“在某一领域或阶级中具有优势的人”, 来自14世纪末.

As leon is the king of bestes. [John Gower, “Confessio Amantis,” 1390]

在古英语中, 用于安格利和撒克逊部落或氏族的首领, 他们所建立的国家的元首, 以及他们所打仗的英国和丹麦的首领. 这个词随着欧洲民族国家的兴起, 获得了更多的气势, 但后来又适用于非洲, 亚洲, 北美洲的部落首领. 国际象棋从15世纪开始被称为棋子; 扑克牌从1560年代开始被称为扑克牌; 在跳棋/德拉格中的使用最早记载于1820年. Three Kings 圣经》中的智者是13世纪的.

[I]t was [Eugene] Field who haunted the declining years of Creston Clarke with his review of that actor's Lear. .. . Said he, “Mr. Clarke played the King all the evening as though under constant fear that someone else was about to play the Ace.” [“Theatre Magazine,” January 1922]

king (adj.)

king (n.) 起初在自然史上, 应用于被认为非常大或占优势的物种, 如 king crab (1690年代); 美国 king snake (1737年), 它攻击其他蛇, 尤其被认为是响尾蛇的敌人; king cobra (1888年). 在营销方面, king-size 是1939年的, 原为香烟的. 一 king-bolt (1825年) 是连接马车前部与前轴的大螺栓.

The King-snake is the longest of all other Snakes in these parts, but are not common; the Indians make Girdles and Sashes of their Skins, and it is reported by them, that they are not very venemous, and that no other Snake will meddle with them, which I suppose is the Reason that they are so fond of wearing their Skins about their Bodies as they do. [John Brickell, “The Natural History of North-Carolina,” Dublin, 1737]

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Definitions of king
1
king (n.)
a male sovereign; ruler of a kingdom;
Synonyms: male monarch / Rex
king (n.)
a competitor who holds a preeminent position;
Synonyms: queen / world-beater
king (n.)
a very wealthy or powerful businessman;
Synonyms: baron / big businessman / business leader / magnate / mogul / power / top executive / tycoon
king (n.)
preeminence in a particular category or group or field;
the lion is the king of beasts
king (n.)
a checker that has been moved to the opponent's first row where it is promoted to a piece that is free to move either forward or backward;
king (n.)
one of the four playing cards in a deck bearing the picture of a king;
king (n.)
(chess) the weakest but the most important piece;
2
King (n.)
United States woman tennis player (born in 1943);
Synonyms: Billie Jean King / Billie Jean Moffitt King
King (n.)
United States guitar player and singer of the blues (born in 1925);
Synonyms: B. B. King / Riley B King
King (n.)
United States charismatic civil rights leader and Baptist minister who campaigned against the segregation of Blacks (1929-1968);
Synonyms: Martin Luther King / Martin Luther King Jr.
From wordnet.princeton.edu