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kind (n.)

"阶级、种类、品种",来自古英语 gecynd "种类、性质、种族",与 cynn "家庭"(见 kin )有关,来自原日耳曼语 *kundjaz "家庭、种族",来自PIE词根 *gene- "生儿育女",派生词指的是生育和家庭及部落群体。

Ælfric将"创世记"演绎成古英语后, gecyndboc 。前缀在1150-1250年消失。在英语之外没有确切的同源词,但它对应的形容词词尾如哥特语 -kunds ,旧高德语 -kund 。也在英语中作为后缀( mankind ,等,也可比较 godcund "神圣")。其他更早的、现已过时的意义包括"性格、从出生中获得的品质"和"对任何人来说都是自然的或适当的方式或途径"。

短语 a kind of (1590年代)表示与其他事物相似或类似的东西,导致口语扩展为副词(1804年),如 kind of stupid "一种愚蠢的(人),(一个)离愚蠢不远的人"。然而"好用"曾经谴责作为形容词的用法不准确,如 our kind of peoplesome kind of jokeAll kinds 是古英语 alles cynnes ,在中古英语中有时收缩为 alkins

kind (adj.)

"友好的,刻意对别人好",中英语 kinde ,来自古英语 (ge)cynde "自然的,本位的,天生的",原为"有亲戚之间的感情",来自原日耳曼语 *kundi- "自然的,本位的",来自 *kunjam "家庭"(见 kin ),有集体或概括性的前缀 *ga- ,抽象的后缀 *-iz 。该词在古英语中很少出现没有前缀的情况,但古英语也有它作为构词元素 -cund "天生的,具有特定性质"(见 kind (n.))。意义的发展大概是从"有自然的感情",到"有良好的性格"(14世纪),"良善的,有同情心的,有爱心的,充满柔情的"(14世纪)。

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Definitions of kind from WordNet
1
kind (adj.)
having or showing a tender and considerate and helpful nature; used especially of persons and their behavior;
a kind master
kind to sick patients
thanked her for her kind letter
kind words showing understanding and sympathy
kind (adj.)
agreeable, conducive to comfort;
a dry climate kind to asthmatics
hot summer pavements are anything but kind to the feet
Synonyms: genial
kind (adj.)
tolerant and forgiving under provocation;
our neighbor was very kind about the window our son broke
Synonyms: tolerant
2
kind (n.)
a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality;
what kinds of desserts are there?
Synonyms: sort / form / variety
From wordnet.princeton.edu