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kin (n.)

13世纪,来自古英语 cynn "家庭;种族;种类、排序、等级;性质"(也有"性别、性"的意思,中古英语以来已经过时),来自古日耳曼语 *kunja- "家庭"(也是古弗里斯兰语 kenn ,古撒克逊语 kunni "亲属、种类、种族、部落",古北欧语 kyn ,古高德语 chunni "亲属、种族"的来源。"丹麦语 kjön ,瑞典语 kön ,中荷兰语、荷兰语 kunne "性、性别;"哥特语 kuni "家庭、种族",古北欧语 kundr "儿子",德语 Kind "孩子"),来源于PIE词根 *gene- "生养、孕育",衍生词指生殖和家庭、部落群体。

In the Teutonic word, as in Latin genus and Greek [ genos ], three main senses appear, (1) race or stock, (2) class or kind, (3) gender or sex .... [OED]

与词 kindchild 都有关系。从1590年代作为形容词,从名词和 akin 的缩写。法律 next of kin (1540年代)不包括 widow ,"她被法律特别规定为寡妇"[世纪大辞典],必须是死者的血缘关系。

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Definitions of kin from WordNet
1
kin (n.)
a person having kinship with another or others;
he's kin
Synonyms: kinsperson / family
kin (n.)
group of people related by blood or marriage;
Synonyms: kin group / kinship group / kindred / clan / tribe
2
kin (adj.)
related by blood;
Synonyms: akin / blood-related / cognate / consanguine / consanguineous / consanguineal
From wordnet.princeton.edu