justice (n.)

12世纪中叶, “行使权力, 通过分配奖励或惩罚来平反权利;” 也有“公平, 公正的品质; 道德健全, 符合真理” 的意思, 来自古法语 justice “正义, 合法权利, 管辖权” (11世纪), 来自拉丁语 iustitia “正义, 公平”, 来自 iustus “正直, 公正” (见 just (adj.

Justice is the end of government. It is the end of civil society. It ever has been and ever will be pursued until it be obtained, or until liberty be lost in the pursuit. [“The Federalist,” No. 51]

在英语中的意思是“正确的秩序, 公平, 每个人都得到他应得的回报”, 在14世纪末 古法语中这个词有广泛的含义, 也包括“正直, 公平, 权利的平反, 正义的法庭, 法官”. 在英语15世纪-1700年有时还带有报复性意义“施加惩罚, 法律复仇”. 作为司法官员的称谓, 13世纪. Justice of the peace 被证明从14世纪初的To do justice to (某人或某事) “按正确或合适的方式处理” 是从1670年代开始的. 在默西亚赞美诗中, 拉丁文 iustitia, 由古英文 rehtwisnisse.

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Definitions of justice
justice (n.)
the quality of being just or fair;
Synonyms: justness
justice (n.)
judgment involved in the determination of rights and the assignment of rewards and punishments;
justice (n.)
a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice;
Synonyms: judge / jurist
Justice (n.)
the United States federal department responsible for enforcing federal laws (including the enforcement of all civil rights legislation); created in 1870;
Synonyms: Department of Justice / Justice Department / DoJ