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judge (v.)

13世纪, iugen ,"检查,鉴定,做出诊断;"14世纪,"形成意见;施加惩罚,惩罚;审判(某人)和宣判",也是不及物,"做出决定,决定,认为,假设;"来自英法 juger ,古法语 jugier "判断,宣判。pass an opinion on"(10世纪,现代法语 juger ),来自拉丁语 iudicare "判断,正式审查;形成意见;宣布判决",来自 iudicem (名词 iudex )"法官",是 ius "权利、法律"的复合词(见 just (adj.))+ dicere "说"的根部(来自PIE根部 *deik- "显示",也是"庄严地宣读")。

相关: Judged ; judging 。与 -dg- 拼写出现在15世纪中叶 古英语单词是 deman (见 doom (n.))。这个拉丁语词也是西班牙语 juzgar ,意大利语 giudicare 的来源。

judge (n.)

14世纪中叶,"被任命管理法律的公职人员"(13世纪初作为姓氏),也是 judge-man ;来自古法语 juge ,来自拉丁语 iudex "宣布法律的人"(也是西班牙语 juez 、意大利语 giudice 的来源),是 ius "权利、法律"(见 just (副词))的复合词。+ dicere "说"的词根(来自PIE词根 *deik- "表明",也是"庄严地宣告")。

从14世纪晚期扩展到决定任何一种竞赛的人;从1550年代起作为"有资格宣布意见的人"。在犹太历史上,它指的是拥有临时权力的战争领袖(如 Book of Judges ),从拉丁文 iudex 被用来翻译希伯来文 shophet

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Definitions of judge from WordNet
1
judge (v.)
determine the result of (a competition);
judge (v.)
form a critical opinion of;
I cannot judge some works of modern art
Synonyms: evaluate / pass judgment
judge (v.)
judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time);
Synonyms: estimate / gauge / approximate / guess
judge (v.)
pronounce judgment on;
Synonyms: pronounce / label
judge (v.)
put on trial or hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial of;
The judge tried both father and son in separate trials
Synonyms: adjudicate / try
2
judge (n.)
a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice;
Synonyms: justice / jurist
judge (n.)
an authority who is able to estimate worth or quality;
Synonyms: evaluator
From wordnet.princeton.edu