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judge (v.)

13世纪, iugen, “检查, 鉴定, 做出诊断;” 14世纪, “形成意见; 施加惩罚, 惩罚; 审判(某人) 和宣判”, 也是不及物, “做出决定, 决定, 认为, 假设;” 来自英法 juger, 古法语 jugier “判断, 宣判. pass an opinion on” (10世纪, 现代法语 juger), 来自拉丁语 iudicare “判断, 正式审查; 形成意见; 宣布判决”, 来自 iudicem (名词 iudex) “法官”, 是 ius “权利, 法律” 的复合词(见 just (adj.) )+ dicere “说” 的根部(来自PIE根部 *deik- “显示”, 也是“庄严地宣读” ).

相关: Judged; judging. 与 -dg- 拼写出现在15世纪中叶 古英语单词是 deman (见 doom (n.) ). 这个拉丁语词也是西班牙语 juzgar, 意大利语 giudicare 的来源.

judge (n.)

14世纪中叶, “被任命管理法律的公职人员” (13世纪初作为姓氏), 也是 judge-man; 来自古法语 juge, 来自拉丁语 iudex “宣布法律的人” (也是西班牙语 juez, 意大利语 giudice 的来源), 是 ius “权利, 法律” (见 just (副词) )的复合词. + dicere “说” 的词根(来自PIE词根 *deik- “表明”, 也是“庄严地宣告” ).

从14世纪晚期扩展到决定任何一种竞赛的人; 从1550年代起作为“有资格宣布意见的人”. 在犹太历史上, 它指的是拥有临时权力的战争领袖(如 Book of Judges), 从拉丁文 iudex 被用来翻译希伯来文 shophet.

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Definitions of judge from WordNet
1
judge (v.)
determine the result of (a competition);
judge (v.)
form a critical opinion of;
I cannot judge some works of modern art
Synonyms: evaluate / pass judgment
judge (v.)
judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time);
Synonyms: estimate / gauge / approximate / guess
judge (v.)
pronounce judgment on;
Synonyms: pronounce / label
judge (v.)
put on trial or hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial of;
The judge tried both father and son in separate trials
Synonyms: adjudicate / try
2
judge (n.)
a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice;
Synonyms: justice / jurist
judge (n.)
an authority who is able to estimate worth or quality;
Synonyms: evaluator
From wordnet.princeton.edu