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job (n.)

"一块工作;要做的事",1620年代,来自短语 jobbe of worke (1550年代)"任务,一块工作"(与连续劳动形成对比),这个词的来源不确定。也许是 gobbe "大量,块状"(15世纪;见 gob )的变体,通过"一车一车"的意义。特定意义上的"有偿工作"最早记载于1650年代。

job. (1) A low mean lucrative busy affair. (2) Petty, piddling work; a piece of chance work. [Johnson's Dictionary]

意为"有偿的工作岗位",出自1858年。印刷商的俚语意义"杂类作品"(海报、手抄报等)来自1795年,因此 job-type (显著的大或观赏性或特殊的形式), job-shop ,等等。 Job lot (1832年)来自"一车一车"的过时意义,这可能是与 gob 独立形成的。

非常宽泛的一般意义上的"发生、业务、事情的状态"是来自18世纪的口语。在现代俚语或口语中,"一个例子",特别是一个好的例子(表示的事物),1927年,"一个应用广泛的术语"[OED]。盗贼的俚语意义为"盗窃、抢劫、有计划的犯罪",出自1722年。俚语的意思是"标本、事物、人",出自1927年。 On the job "辛勤工作"出自1882年。1932年证明的 Job security (1936年证明的 job insecurity );1920年证明的 job description ;1972年证明的 job-sharingJob-hunter 出自1928年。直到特罗洛普(1873年), job of work 这个短语仍然出现。

Job

圣经》中的阳性专名,古代一位族长的名字,他的故事构成了《旧约》一书,来自希伯来语 Iyyobh ,根据一些学者的说法,字面意思是"讨厌、迫害",来自 ayyabh "他是敌对的",与 ebhah "敌意"有关。也有人说是"忏悔的人"的意思。比喻坏消息,穷困潦倒,耐心忍耐。因此 Job's comforter ,指带来额外不幸消息的人(1736)。

job (v.)

16世纪60年代,"以经纪人身份买卖"(不定式),出自 job (n.)。意为"以自己的名义买卖公共股票",出自1721年。意为"欺骗、出卖",出自1903年;更早的"假公济私"(1732年)。相关链接: Jobbed ; jobbing .

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Definitions of job from WordNet
1
job (n.)
the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money;
Synonyms: occupation / business / line of work / line
job (n.)
a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee;
estimates of the city's loss on that job ranged as high as a million dollars
the job of repairing the engine took several hours
Synonyms: task / chore
job (n.)
a workplace; as in the expression `on the job';
job (n.)
an object worked on; a result produced by working;
he held the job in his left hand and worked on it with his right
job (n.)
the responsibility to do something;
it is their job to print the truth
job (n.)
the performance of a piece of work;
he gave it up as a bad job
she did an outstanding job as Ophelia
job (n.)
a damaging piece of work;
dry rot did the job of destroying the barn
the barber did a real job on my hair
job (n.)
a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved;
it is always a job to contact him
Synonyms: problem
job (n.)
(computer science) a program application that may consist of several steps but is a single logical unit;
job (n.)
a crime (especially a robbery);
the gang pulled off a bank job in St. Louis
Synonyms: caper
2
job (v.)
profit privately from public office and official business;
job (v.)
arranged for contracted work to be done by others;
Synonyms: subcontract / farm out
job (v.)
work occasionally;
As a student I jobbed during the semester breaks
job (v.)
invest at a risk;
Synonyms: speculate
3
Job (n.)
a Jewish hero in the Old Testament who maintained his faith in God in spite of afflictions that tested him;
Job (n.)
any long-suffering person who withstands affliction without despairing;
Job (n.)
a book in the Old Testament containing Job's pleas to God about his afflictions and God's reply;
Synonyms: Book of Job
From wordnet.princeton.edu