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job (n.)

“一块工作; 要做的事”, 1620年代, 来自短语 jobbe of worke (1550年代) “任务, 一块工作” (与连续劳动形成对比), 这个词的来源不确定. 也许是 gobbe “大量, 块状” (15世纪; 见 gob) 的变体, 通过“一车一车” 的意义. 特定意义上的“有偿工作” 最早记载于1650年代.

job. (1) A low mean lucrative busy affair. (2) Petty, piddling work; a piece of chance work. [Johnson's Dictionary]

意为“有偿的工作岗位”, 出自1858年. 印刷商的俚语意义“杂类作品” (海报, 手抄报等) 来自1795年, 因此 job-type (显著的大或观赏性或特殊的形式), job-shop, 等等. Job lot (1832年) 来自“一车一车” 的过时意义, 这可能是与 gob 独立形成的.

非常宽泛的一般意义上的“发生, 业务, 事情的状态” 是来自18世纪的口语. 在现代俚语或口语中, “一个例子”, 特别是一个好的例子(表示的事物), 1927年, “一个应用广泛的术语” [OED]. 盗贼的俚语意义为“盗窃, 抢劫, 有计划的犯罪”, 出自1722年. 俚语的意思是“标本, 事物, 人”, 出自1927年. On the job “辛勤工作” 出自1882年. 1932年证明的 Job security (1936年证明的 job insecurity); 1920年证明的 job description; 1972年证明的 job-sharing. Job-hunter 出自1928年. 直到特罗洛普(1873年), job of work 这个短语仍然出现.

Job

圣经》中的阳性专名, 古代一位族长的名字, 他的故事构成了《旧约》一书, 来自希伯来语 Iyyobh, 根据一些学者的说法, 字面意思是“讨厌, 迫害”, 来自 ayyabh “他是敌对的”, 与 ebhah “敌意” 有关. 也有人说是“忏悔的人” 的意思. 比喻坏消息, 穷困潦倒, 耐心忍耐. 因此 Job's comforter, 指带来额外不幸消息的人(1736).

job (v.)

16世纪60年代, “以经纪人身份买卖” (不定式), 出自 job (n.). 意为“以自己的名义买卖公共股票”, 出自1721年. 意为“欺骗, 出卖”, 出自1903年; 更早的“假公济私” (1732年). 相关链接: Jobbed; jobbing.

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Definitions of job
1
job (n.)
the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money;
Synonyms: occupation / business / line of work / line
job (n.)
a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee;
estimates of the city's loss on that job ranged as high as a million dollars
the job of repairing the engine took several hours
Synonyms: task / chore
job (n.)
a workplace; as in the expression `on the job';
job (n.)
an object worked on; a result produced by working;
he held the job in his left hand and worked on it with his right
job (n.)
the responsibility to do something;
it is their job to print the truth
job (n.)
the performance of a piece of work;
he gave it up as a bad job
she did an outstanding job as Ophelia
job (n.)
a damaging piece of work;
dry rot did the job of destroying the barn
the barber did a real job on my hair
job (n.)
a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved;
it is always a job to contact him
Synonyms: problem
job (n.)
(computer science) a program application that may consist of several steps but is a single logical unit;
job (n.)
a crime (especially a robbery);
the gang pulled off a bank job in St. Louis
Synonyms: caper
2
job (v.)
profit privately from public office and official business;
job (v.)
arranged for contracted work to be done by others;
Synonyms: subcontract / farm out
job (v.)
work occasionally;
As a student I jobbed during the semester breaks
job (v.)
invest at a risk;
Synonyms: speculate
3
Job (n.)
a Jewish hero in the Old Testament who maintained his faith in God in spite of afflictions that tested him;
Job (n.)
any long-suffering person who withstands affliction without despairing;
Job (n.)
a book in the Old Testament containing Job's pleas to God about his afflictions and God's reply;
Synonyms: Book of Job
From wordnet.princeton.edu