Advertisement

jerk (v.1)

"用突然的力量拉扯",1580年代;更早的"鞭打,像用鞭子抽打"(1540年代,仅存于方言中),来源不确定,可能是回文。不动词意义上的"使突然的痉挛运动"来自17世纪。比较中英语 yerkid ,一个形容词,显然是"拉紧"的意思(15世纪初),它具有过去分词的形式。另外比较中英语 ferken "匆匆移动;推动(某事)前进",来自古英语 fercian "进行"。相关链接: Jerked ; jerking

jerk (n.1)

1550年代,"中风的鞭子",出自 jerk (v.1)。意为"突然的急拉或扭转",到1570年代。意为"肢体或特征的不自主痉挛运动",从1805年开始记载。作为一种流行舞蹈的名称,从1966年开始考证。

jerk (n.2)

"乏味而无效的人",1935年,美国英语狂欢节俚语,来源不明。也许来自 jerkwater "小气、下等、无足轻重"[Barnhart,OED];或者来自或受动词短语 jerk off "手淫"[Rawson]的影响。大石糖果山》中的歌词,有时被作为早期使用的证据,显然是"他们把发明工作的土耳其人[不是 jerk ]挂在那里"。

一个 soda-jerk (1915年; soda-jerker 是1883年的)如此称呼,是因为工作水龙头所需的拉动运动。

The SODA-FOUNTAIN CLERK
Consider now the meek and humble soda-fountain clerk,
Who draweth off the moistened air with nimble turn and jerk,
 
[etc., "Bulletin of Pharmacy," Detroit, Michigan, August, 1902]

jerk (v.2)

"通过切成长长的细条并在太阳下晒干来保存(肉)",1707年,美式英语,来自美式西班牙语 carquear ,来自 charqui (见 jerky )。相关内容: Jerked .

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of jerk from WordNet
1
jerk (n.)
a dull stupid fatuous person;
Synonyms: dork
jerk (n.)
an abrupt spasmodic movement;
Synonyms: jerking / jolt / saccade
jerk (n.)
(mechanics) the rate of change of acceleration;
jerk (n.)
meat (especially beef) cut in strips and dried in the sun;
Synonyms: jerky / jerked meat
jerk (n.)
raising a weight from shoulder height to above the head by straightening the arms;
jerk (n.)
a sudden abrupt pull;
Synonyms: tug
2
jerk (v.)
pull, or move with a sudden movement;
He turned the handle and jerked the door open
Synonyms: yank
jerk (v.)
move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motions;
Synonyms: twitch
jerk (v.)
make an uncontrolled, short, jerky motion;
Synonyms: twitch
jerk (v.)
jump vertically, with legs stiff and back arched;
Synonyms: buck / hitch
jerk (v.)
throw or toss with a quick motion;
jerk his head
Synonyms: flick
From wordnet.princeton.edu