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jerk (v.1)

“用突然的力量拉扯”, 1580年代; 更早的“鞭打, 像用鞭子抽打” (1540年代, 仅存于方言中), 来源不确定, 可能是回文. 不动词意义上的“使突然的痉挛运动” 来自17世纪. 比较中英语 yerkid, 一个形容词, 显然是“拉紧” 的意思(15世纪初), 它具有过去分词的形式. 另外比较中英语 ferken “匆匆移动; 推动(某事) 前进”, 来自古英语 fercian “进行”. 相关链接: Jerked; jerking.

jerk (n.1)

1550年代, “中风的鞭子”, 出自 jerk (v. 1). 意为“突然的急拉或扭转”, 到1570年代. 意为“肢体或特征的不自主痉挛运动”, 从1805年开始记载. 作为一种流行舞蹈的名称, 从1966年开始考证.

jerk (n.2)

“乏味而无效的人”, 1935年, 美国英语狂欢节俚语, 来源不明. 也许来自 jerkwater “小气, 下等, 无足轻重” [Barnhart, OED]; 或者来自或受动词短语 jerk off “手淫” [Rawson]的影响. 大石糖果山》中的歌词, 有时被作为早期使用的证据, 显然是“他们把发明工作的土耳其人[不是 jerk ]挂在那里”.

一个 soda-jerk (1915年; soda-jerker 是1883年的) 如此称呼, 是因为工作水龙头所需的拉动运动.

The SODA-FOUNTAIN CLERK
Consider now the meek and humble soda-fountain clerk,
Who draweth off the moistened air with nimble turn and jerk,
 
[etc. , “Bulletin of Pharmacy,” Detroit, Michigan, August, 1902]

jerk (v.2)

“通过切成长长的细条并在太阳下晒干来保存(肉)”, 1707年, 美式英语, 来自美式西班牙语 carquear, 来自 charqui (见 jerky). 相关内容: Jerked.

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Definitions of jerk from WordNet
1
jerk (n.)
a dull stupid fatuous person;
Synonyms: dork
jerk (n.)
an abrupt spasmodic movement;
Synonyms: jerking / jolt / saccade
jerk (n.)
(mechanics) the rate of change of acceleration;
jerk (n.)
meat (especially beef) cut in strips and dried in the sun;
Synonyms: jerky / jerked meat
jerk (n.)
raising a weight from shoulder height to above the head by straightening the arms;
jerk (n.)
a sudden abrupt pull;
Synonyms: tug
2
jerk (v.)
pull, or move with a sudden movement;
He turned the handle and jerked the door open
Synonyms: yank
jerk (v.)
move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motions;
Synonyms: twitch
jerk (v.)
make an uncontrolled, short, jerky motion;
Synonyms: twitch
jerk (v.)
jump vertically, with legs stiff and back arched;
Synonyms: buck / hitch
jerk (v.)
throw or toss with a quick motion;
jerk his head
Synonyms: flick
From wordnet.princeton.edu