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jealous (adj.)

13世纪, gelus, 后来的 jelus, “占有欲和怀疑”, 原用于性或浪漫的语境中(14世纪晚期的任何语境), 来自古法语 jalos / gelos “敏锐, 热心; 贪婪. 嫉妒” (12世纪, 现代法语 jaloux), 来自拉丁语晚期 zelosus, 来自 zelus “热心”, 来自希腊语 zēlos, 有时是“嫉妒” 的意思, 但更多的时候是用在好的意义上(“效仿, 竞争, 热心” ), 来自PIE根 *ya- “寻求, 请求, 欲望” (见 zeal). 在圣经语言中(13世纪初) “容忍没有不忠”. 在中古英语中有时也有更积极的意义, “喜爱, 多情, 热心” (14世纪) 和现在与 zealous, 是后来从拉丁文借来的同一个词的意义.

Most of the words for 'envy'. .. had from the outset a hostile force, based on 'look at' (with malice), 'not love, ' etc. Conversely, most of those which became distinctive terms for 'jealousy' were originally used also in a good sense, 'zeal, emulation. ' [Buck, pp. 1138-9]

在其他方言中表达“嫉妒” 的方式有瑞典语 svartsjuka, 字面意思是“黑病”, 来自短语 bara svarta strumpor “穿黑丝袜”, 也是“嫉妒”. 丹麦语 skinsyg “嫉妒”, 字面意思是“皮肤病”, 来自 skind “隐藏, 皮肤”, 据说瑞典方言表达 fa skinn “在求爱中收到拒绝” 来解释.

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Definitions of jealous from WordNet

jealous (adj.)
showing extreme cupidity; painfully desirous of another's advantages;
jealous of his success and covetous of his possessions
Synonyms: covetous / envious
jealous (adj.)
suspicious or unduly suspicious or fearful of being displaced by a rival;
a jealous lover
Synonyms: green-eyed / overjealous
From wordnet.princeton.edu