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jealous (adj.)

13世纪 , gelus ,后来的 jelus ,"占有欲和怀疑",原用于性或浪漫的语境中(14世纪晚期的任何语境),来自古法语 jalos / gelos "敏锐,热心;贪婪。嫉妒"(12世纪,现代法语 jaloux ),来自拉丁语晚期 zelosus ,来自 zelus "热心",来自希腊语 zēlos ,有时是"嫉妒"的意思,但更多的时候是用在好的意义上("效仿、竞争、热心"),来自PIE根 *ya- "寻求、请求、欲望"(见 zeal )。在圣经语言中(13世纪初)"容忍没有不忠"。在中古英语中有时也有更积极的意义,"喜爱、多情、热心"(14世纪)和现在与 zealous ,是后来从拉丁文借来的同一个词的意义。

Most of the words for 'envy' ... had from the outset a hostile force, based on 'look at' (with malice), 'not love,' etc. Conversely, most of those which became distinctive terms for 'jealousy' were originally used also in a good sense, 'zeal, emulation.' [Buck, pp.1138-9]

在其他方言中表达"嫉妒"的方式有瑞典语 svartsjuka ,字面意思是"黑病",来自短语 bara svarta strumpor "穿黑丝袜",也是"嫉妒"。丹麦语 skinsyg "嫉妒",字面意思是"皮肤病",来自 skind "隐藏、皮肤",据说瑞典方言表达 fa skinn "在求爱中收到拒绝"来解释。

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Definitions of jealous from WordNet

jealous (adj.)
showing extreme cupidity; painfully desirous of another's advantages;
jealous of his success and covetous of his possessions
Synonyms: covetous / envious
jealous (adj.)
suspicious or unduly suspicious or fearful of being displaced by a rival;
a jealous lover
Synonyms: green-eyed / overjealous
From wordnet.princeton.edu