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intelligence (n.)

14世纪末,"心灵的最高能力,理解一般真理的能力";15世纪,"理解力,理解力",来自古法语 intelligence (12世纪),直接来自拉丁语 intelligentiaintellegentia "理解,知识,辨别力。艺术、技巧、品位,"来自 intelligentem (名词 intelligens )"辨别力、鉴赏力", intelligere "理解、理解、来认识"的现在分词,来自 inter "之间"的同化形式(见 inter- )+ legere "选择、挑选、阅读",来自PIE词根 *leg- (1)"收集、聚集",衍生词的意思是"说话('挑选出词语')。"

意思是"高超的理解力、智慧、聪明的品质",是15世纪早期的意思,"收到或传授的信息、消息"最早记录在15世纪中期,特别是"来自间谍的秘密信息"(1580年代)。意为"具有理解力或智慧的人",是14世纪末 Intelligence quotient ,最早记录于1921年(见 I.Q. )。

Origin and meaning of intelligence

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Definitions of intelligence from WordNet

intelligence (n.)
the ability to comprehend; to understand and profit from experience;
intelligence (n.)
a unit responsible for gathering and interpreting information about an enemy;
Synonyms: intelligence service / intelligence agency
intelligence (n.)
secret information about an enemy (or potential enemy);
we sent out planes to gather intelligence on their radar coverage
Synonyms: intelligence information
intelligence (n.)
information about recent and important events;
Synonyms: news / tidings / word
intelligence (n.)
the operation of gathering information about an enemy;
Synonyms: intelligence activity / intelligence operation
From wordnet.princeton.edu