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inspire (v.)

14世纪中叶, enspiren, “使(心灵, 心等处充满恩典等);” 也“促使或诱导(某人做某事)”, 来自古法语 enspirer (13世纪), 来自拉丁语 inspirare “吹入, 吹上”, 形象地说是“鼓舞, 激发, 煽动”, 来自 in- “in” (来自PIE词根 *en “in” )+ spirare “呼吸” (见 spirit (n.) ).

该拉丁词在《圣经》中被用作希腊文 pnein 的借译. 一般意义上的“用思想或目的影响或激励” 来自14世纪晚期, 有时也用于中英语的字面意义. 相关链接: Inspires; inspiring.

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Definitions of inspire from WordNet

inspire (v.)
heighten or intensify;
Synonyms: animate / invigorate / enliven / exalt
inspire (v.)
supply the inspiration for;
The article about the artist inspired the exhibition of his recent work
inspire (v.)
serve as the inciting cause of;
Synonyms: prompt / instigate
inspire (v.)
spur on or encourage especially by cheers and shouts;
Synonyms: cheer / root on / urge / barrack / urge on / exhort / pep up
inspire (v.)
fill with revolutionary ideas;
Synonyms: revolutionize / revolutionise
inspire (v.)
draw in (air);
The lung cancer patient cannot inspire air very well
Synonyms: inhale / breathe in
From wordnet.princeton.edu