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inspiration (n.)

14世纪, “神或神的直接影响”, 特别是在这种影响下写出的圣书, 来自古法语 inspiracion “吸入, 呼吸; 灵感” (13世纪), 来自晚期拉丁语 inspirationem (代名词 inspiratio), 动作名词, 来自拉丁语 inspirare 的过去分词干“吹入, 呼吸”, 形象地说是“激励, 激发, 煽动”, 来自 in- “in” (来自PIE根 *en “in” )+ spirare “呼吸” (见 spirit (n.) ). ,

And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. [Genesis ii. 7]

意义的演变似乎是从“吸入” 到“注入动画或影响”, 从而“影响, 唤醒, 引导或控制”, 特别是通过神圣的影响. Inspire (v.) 在中古英语中也曾被用来表示“呼吸或将生命或精神注入人体; 将理性传授给人的灵魂”. 字面意义为“吸气的行为”, 15世纪60年代开始在英语中得到证实. 意为“启发他人的人”, 1867年有证.

Origin and meaning of inspiration

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Definitions of inspiration from WordNet

inspiration (n.)
arousal of the mind to special unusual activity or creativity;
inspiration (n.)
a product of your creative thinking and work;
he had little respect for the inspirations of other artists
Synonyms: brainchild
inspiration (n.)
a sudden intuition as part of solving a problem;
inspiration (n.)
(theology) a special influence of a divinity on the minds of human beings;
Synonyms: divine guidance
inspiration (n.)
arousing to a particular emotion or action;
Synonyms: stirring
inspiration (n.)
the act of inhaling; the drawing in of air (or other gases) as in breathing;
Synonyms: inhalation / aspiration / intake / breathing in
From wordnet.princeton.edu