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inspiration (n.)

14世纪,"神或神的直接影响",特别是在这种影响下写出的圣书,来自古法语 inspiracion "吸入,呼吸;灵感"(13世纪),来自晚期拉丁语 inspirationem (代名词 inspiratio ),动作名词,来自拉丁语 inspirare 的过去分词干"吹入,呼吸",形象地说是"激励,激发,煽动",来自 in- "in"(来自PIE根 *en "in")+ spirare "呼吸"(见 spirit (n.))。,

And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. [Genesis ii.7]

意义的演变似乎是从"吸入"到"注入动画或影响",从而"影响、唤醒、引导或控制",特别是通过神圣的影响。 Inspire (v.)在中古英语中也曾被用来表示"呼吸或将生命或精神注入人体;将理性传授给人的灵魂"。字面意义为"吸气的行为",15世纪60年代开始在英语中得到证实。意为"启发他人的人",1867年有证。

Origin and meaning of inspiration

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Definitions of inspiration from WordNet

inspiration (n.)
arousal of the mind to special unusual activity or creativity;
inspiration (n.)
a product of your creative thinking and work;
he had little respect for the inspirations of other artists
Synonyms: brainchild
inspiration (n.)
a sudden intuition as part of solving a problem;
inspiration (n.)
(theology) a special influence of a divinity on the minds of human beings;
Synonyms: divine guidance
inspiration (n.)
arousing to a particular emotion or action;
Synonyms: stirring
inspiration (n.)
the act of inhaling; the drawing in of air (or other gases) as in breathing;
Synonyms: inhalation / aspiration / intake / breathing in
From wordnet.princeton.edu