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influenza (n.)

1743年, 借用意大利语 influenza “流感, 流行病”, 原意为“拜访, 影响(星星)”, 来自中世纪拉丁语 influentia, 星象意义(见 influence).

AN Article from Rome informs us that a Sort of Plague has broke out there, which destroys Abundance of their People, and they call it the Influenza. [The Gentleman's Magazine, April 1743]

至少从1504年开始在意大利语中用于疾病(如 influenza di febbre scarlattina “猩红热” )的星象, 神秘或大气影响的概念. 1743年爆发于意大利. 自19世纪中叶以来, 常被用于严重的感冒.

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Definitions of influenza

influenza (n.)
an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease;
Synonyms: flu / grippe
From wordnet.princeton.edu