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influenza (n.)

1743年,借用意大利语 influenza "流感,流行病",原意为"拜访,影响(星星)",来自中世纪拉丁语 influentia ,星象意义(见 influence )。

AN Article from Rome informs us that a Sort of Plague has broke out there, which destroys Abundance of their People, and they call it the Influenza . [The Gentleman's Magazine, April 1743]

至少从1504年开始在意大利语中用于疾病(如 influenza di febbre scarlattina "猩红热")的星象、神秘或大气影响的概念。1743年爆发于意大利。自19世纪中叶以来,常被用于严重的感冒。

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Definitions of influenza from WordNet

influenza (n.)
an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease;
Synonyms: flu / grippe
From wordnet.princeton.edu