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influence (n.)

14世纪晚期,占星学术语,"当在某些位置上时,从星星上流淌出空灵的力量,作用于人的性格或命运",来自古法语 influence "从星星上散发出来,作用于人的性格和命运"(13世纪),也是"水的流动,流入",来自中世纪拉丁文 influentia "流入"(也用于占星学意义)。来自拉丁文 influentem (nominative influens ), influere 的现在分词"流入、流进、倾入",来自 in- "into, in, on, upon"(来自 PIE 根 *en "in")+ fluere "to flow"(见 fluent )。

在中古英语中的意义范围是非人称的,指任何产生效果的能量外流,流体或蒸汽物质以及非物质或不可观察的力量。意为"施展看不见的人的影响"是从1580年代开始的(中世纪拉丁语中已有此义,如阿奎那);意为"通过不可知或不可见的手段产生效果的能力"是从1650年代开始的。 Under the influence 酒精等)"醉"最早见于1866年。

influence (v.)

1650年代,来自 influence (n.)。相关链接: Influenced ; influencing

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Definitions of influence from WordNet
1
influence (n.)
a power to affect persons or events especially power based on prestige etc;
used her parents' influence to get the job
influence (n.)
causing something without any direct or apparent effort;
influence (n.)
a cognitive factor that tends to have an effect on what you do;
her wishes had a great influence on his thinking
influence (n.)
the effect of one thing (or person) on another;
the influence of mechanical action
influence (n.)
one having power to influence another;
he was a bad influence on the children
she was the most important influence in my life
2
influence (v.)
have and exert influence or effect;
The artist's work influenced the young painter
Synonyms: act upon / work
influence (v.)
shape or influence; give direction to;
Synonyms: determine / shape / mold / regulate
influence (v.)
induce into action by using one's charm;
Synonyms: charm / tempt
From wordnet.princeton.edu