Advertisement

influence (n.)

14世纪晚期, 占星学术语, “当在某些位置上时, 从星星上流淌出空灵的力量, 作用于人的性格或命运”, 来自古法语 influence “从星星上散发出来, 作用于人的性格和命运” (13世纪), 也是“水的流动, 流入”, 来自中世纪拉丁文 influentia “流入” (也用于占星学意义). 来自拉丁文 influentem (nominative influens), influere 的现在分词“流入, 流进, 倾入”, 来自 in- “into, in, on, upon” (来自 PIE 根 *en “in” )+ fluere “to flow” (见 fluent).

在中古英语中的意义范围是非人称的, 指任何产生效果的能量外流, 流体或蒸汽物质以及非物质或不可观察的力量. 意为“施展看不见的人的影响” 是从1580年代开始的(中世纪拉丁语中已有此义, 如阿奎那); 意为“通过不可知或不可见的手段产生效果的能力” 是从1650年代开始的. Under the influence 酒精等) “醉” 最早见于1866年.

influence (v.)

1650年代, 来自 influence (n.). 相关链接: Influenced; influencing.

Others are reading

Advertisement
Advertisement
Definitions of influence
1
influence (n.)
a power to affect persons or events especially power based on prestige etc;
used her parents' influence to get the job
influence (n.)
causing something without any direct or apparent effort;
influence (n.)
a cognitive factor that tends to have an effect on what you do;
her wishes had a great influence on his thinking
influence (n.)
the effect of one thing (or person) on another;
the influence of mechanical action
influence (n.)
one having power to influence another;
he was a bad influence on the children
she was the most important influence in my life
2
influence (v.)
have and exert influence or effect;
The artist's work influenced the young painter
Synonyms: act upon / work
influence (v.)
shape or influence; give direction to;
Synonyms: determine / shape / mold / regulate
influence (v.)
induce into action by using one's charm;
Synonyms: charm / tempt
From wordnet.princeton.edu