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impeach (v.)

以前也是 empeach ,14世纪末, empechen ,"阻碍、妨碍、阻止";15世纪初,"使之滞留,使(船)搁浅",也"阻止(做某事)",来自英法 empecher ,古法语 empeechier "阻碍、阻止、妨碍"。捕获、陷害、奴役"(12世纪,现代法语 empêcher ),来自晚期拉丁语 impedicare "束缚、捕捉、纠缠",来自同化形式 in- "进入、在"(来自PIE根 *en "在")+拉丁语 pedica "枷锁、束缚",来自 pes (属性 pedis )"脚"(来自PIE根 *ped- "脚")。

在法律上,起初是广义的,从14世纪末开始,"指责、控告";更具体地说,是指国王或下议院,从15世纪中叶开始,"对(某人)提出正式的叛国罪或其他重罪指控"。"指责公职人员行为不端"的意义在15世纪60年代已经由此产生。意思的转变也许是通过中世纪拉丁语将 impedicare 与拉丁语 impetere "攻击、指责"(见 impetus )混淆,后者来自拉丁语动词 petere "瞄准、冲向"(来自PIE词根 *pet- "冲、飞")。

中古英语动词 apechen ,可能来自于英法变体的来源 impeach ,从14世纪初开始使用,意思是"指责(某人),指控(某人有违法行为)"。相关链接: Impeached ; impeaching

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Definitions of impeach from WordNet

impeach (v.)
challenge the honesty or veracity of;
the lawyers tried to impeach the credibility of the witnesses
impeach (v.)
charge (a public official) with an offense or misdemeanor committed while in office;
The President was impeached
impeach (v.)
bring an accusation against; level a charge against;
From wordnet.princeton.edu