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immune (adj.)

15世纪中叶,"自由,免除"(从税收、什一税、罪恶等),来自拉丁文 immunis "免除公共服务,不纳税;不负担,不支取",字面意思是""不交份子钱",来自同化形式 in- "不,相反的"(见 in- (1))。+ munis "执行服务"(比较 municipal ),来自PIE *moi-n-es- ,后缀形式为根 *mei- (1)"改变、去、移动"。具体的现代医学意义上的"免于(疾病)",通常是因为接种,来自1881年,是从 immunity . Immune system 1917年证明的后置形式。

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Definitions of immune from WordNet
1
immune (adj.)
relating to the condition of immunity;
the immune system
immune (adj.)
secure against;
immune from taxation as long as he resided in Bermuda
immune from criminal prosecution
immune (adj.)
relating to or conferring immunity (to disease or infection);
Synonyms: resistant
immune (adj.)
(usually followed by `to') not affected by a given influence;
immune to persuasion
2
immune (n.)
a person who is immune to a particular infection;
From wordnet.princeton.edu