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idiom (n.)

1580年代, “一个民族或地方特有的语言形式”; 意为“一种语言特有的短语或表达方式”, 出自1620年代. 来自法语 idiome (16世纪), 直接来自晚期拉丁语 idioma “语言的特殊性”, 来自希腊语 idioma “特殊性, 特殊的短语” (福勒写道, “特殊性的表现” 是“最接近希腊语的翻译” ), 来自 idioumai “适合于自己”, 来自 idios “个人的, 私人的”, 恰当地说是“特殊于自己”. “

这是来自于PIE *swed-yo-, 词根 *s(w) e- 的后缀形式, 第三人称代词和反身词(指回句子的主语), 也用于表示说话人的社会群体的形式,” (我们我们-) 自己“(来源也是梵文 svah, 阿维斯坦语 hva-, 古波斯语 huva” 自己的“, khva-data” 主人“, 字面意思是” 由自己创造的“.” 希腊语 hos “他, 她, 它;” 拉丁语 suescere “习惯, 习惯”, sodalis “同伴;” 古教会斯拉夫语 svoji “他的, 她的, 它的”, svojaku “亲属, 亲戚;” 哥特语 swes “自己的;” 古北欧语 sik “自己;” 德语 Sein; 古爱尔兰语 fein “自己, 自己” ).)

[G]rammar & idiom are independent categories; being applicable to the same material, they sometimes agree & sometimes disagree about particular specimens of it; the most can be said is that what is idiomatic is far more often grammatical than ungrammatical, but that is worth saying, because grammar & idiom are sometimes treated as incompatibles. .. . [Fowler]

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Definitions of idiom from WordNet

idiom (n.)
a manner of speaking that is natural to native speakers of a language;
Synonyms: parlance
idiom (n.)
the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people;
Synonyms: dialect / accent
idiom (n.)
the style of a particular artist or school or movement;
an imaginative orchestral idiom
Synonyms: artistic style
idiom (n.)
an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up;
Synonyms: idiomatic expression / phrasal idiom / set phrase / phrase
From wordnet.princeton.edu