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identity (n.)

17世纪, “同一性, 统一性, 相同的状态”, 来自法语 identité (14世纪), 来自中世纪拉丁语 identitatem (nominative identitas) “同一性”, 最终来自拉丁语 idem (neuter) “相同” (见 idem). 关于拉丁语形成的讨论, 见OED中的条目. ]该词在英语中的早期形式是 idemptitie (1560年代), 来自中世纪拉丁语 idemptitas. 术语 identity crisis 1954年首次记录. Identity theft 从1995年开始考证. Identity politics 到1987年被证实.

“[I]dentity politics” [is] a phrase with notably wide currency in gay and lesbian communities. In common usage, the term identity politics refers to the tendency to base one's politics on a sense of personal identity—as gay, as Jewish, as Black, as female. .. .. [Diana Fuss, “Essentially Speaking,” 1989]

Origin and meaning of identity

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Definitions of identity from WordNet

identity (n.)
the distinct personality of an individual regarded as a persisting entity;
you can lose your identity when you join the army
Synonyms: personal identity / individuality
identity (n.)
the individual characteristics by which a thing or person is recognized or known;
she guessed the identity of his lover
it was too dark to determine his identity
geneticists only recently discovered the identity of the gene that causes it
identity (n.)
an operator that leaves unchanged the element on which it operates;
the identity under numerical multiplication is 1
Synonyms: identity element / identity operator
identity (n.)
exact sameness;
they shared an identity of interests
Synonyms: identicalness / indistinguishability
From wordnet.princeton.edu