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hypothesis (n.)

1590年代,"一个特定的陈述;"1650年代,"一个命题,假定和理所当然,用作前提。"来自法语 hypothese ,直接来自晚期拉丁语 hypothesis ,来自希腊语 hypothesis "基础、底层、基础",因此在扩展使用中为"论证的基础、假设",字面意思是"一个放置的下",来自 hypo- "下"(见 hypo- )+ thesis "一个放置、命题"(来自PIE根 *dhe- "设置、放置"的重写形式)。逻辑学中的一个术语;狭义的科学意义来自1640年代。

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Definitions of hypothesis from WordNet

hypothesis (n.)
a proposal intended to explain certain facts or observations;
hypothesis (n.)
a tentative insight into the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena;
a scientific hypothesis that survives experimental testing becomes a scientific theory
Synonyms: possibility / theory
hypothesis (n.)
a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence;
Synonyms: guess / conjecture / supposition / surmise / surmisal / speculation
From wordnet.princeton.edu