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hypothesis (n.)

1590年代, “一个特定的陈述;” 1650年代, “一个命题, 假定和理所当然, 用作前提.” 来自法语 hypothese, 直接来自晚期拉丁语 hypothesis, 来自希腊语 hypothesis “基础, 底层, 基础”, 因此在扩展使用中为“论证的基础, 假设”, 字面意思是“一个放置的下”, 来自 hypo- “下” (见 hypo-) + thesis “一个放置, 命题” (来自PIE根 *dhe- “设置, 放置” 的重写形式). 逻辑学中的一个术语; 狭义的科学意义来自1640年代.

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Definitions of hypothesis

hypothesis (n.)
a proposal intended to explain certain facts or observations;
hypothesis (n.)
a tentative insight into the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena;
a scientific hypothesis that survives experimental testing becomes a scientific theory
Synonyms: possibility / theory
hypothesis (n.)
a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence;
Synonyms: guess / conjecture / supposition / surmise / surmisal / speculation
From wordnet.princeton.edu