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hypocrisy (n.)

13世纪 , ipocrisie ,"假装美德或善良的罪过",来自古法语 ypocrisie ,来自拉丁语晚期 hypocrisis "虚伪",也是"模仿一个人的言语和姿态",来自希腊阿提克语 hypokrisis "在舞台上表演"。伪装",比喻"虚伪",来自 hypokrinesthai "扮演、假装",也有"回答",来自 hypo- "下"(见 hypo- )+ krinein "筛选、决定"的中音(来自PIE词根 *krei- "筛选",因此是"鉴别、区分")。在阿提克希腊语中的意义演变是从"渐渐分开"到"回答"再到"回答舞台上的同伴"再到"扮演一个角色"。 h- 在16世纪的英文中被恢复了。

Hypocrisy is the art of affecting qualities for the purpose of pretending to an undeserved virtue. Because individuals and institutions and societies most often live down to the suspicions about them, hypocrisy and its accompanying equivocations underpin the conduct of life. Imagine how frightful truth unvarnished would be. [Benjamin F. Martin, "France in 1938," 2005]

Origin and meaning of hypocrisy

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Definitions of hypocrisy from WordNet

hypocrisy (n.)
an expression of agreement that is not supported by real conviction;
Synonyms: lip service
hypocrisy (n.)
insincerity by virtue of pretending to have qualities or beliefs that you do not really have;
From wordnet.princeton.edu