Advertisement

hypochondria (n.)

"毫无根据地认为自己生病了",到1816年;从早期的"没有真正原因的抑郁或忧郁"(1660年代)的意义上缩小了范围;从中英文医学术语 ipocondrie "上腹部的侧面区域"(14世纪末)。这是来自拉丁语晚期的 hypochondria ,来自希腊语 hypokhondria ( hypokhondrios 的中性复数),来自 hypo- "下"(见 hypo- )+ khondros "软骨"(在这种情况下,假肋骨);见 chondro-

"病态忧郁"的含义反映了古代的信念,即下焦的内脏(肝、胆、脾)是忧郁的所在地,也是引起这种感觉的蒸气的来源。试图把它放在一个科学的基础上,通过 hypochondriasis 。另见 hype (n. )。诗人考伯是18世纪末文学中经常被引用的例子。重点的意义上的特殊症状"毫无根据的信念,一个人是生病了"似乎开始1790s与威廉-库伦,医学博士,物理学教授在爱丁堡大学,谁做了一个专业的主题。

A languor, listlessness, or want of resolution and activity, with respect to all undertakings; a disposition to seriousness, sadness, and timidity; as to all future events, an apprehension of the worst or most unhappy state of them; and, therefore, often upon slight grounds an apprehension of great evil. Such persons are particularly attentive to the state of their own health, to every the smallest change of feeling in their bodies; and from any unusual sensation, perhaps of the slightest kind, they apprehend great danger, and even death itself. In respect to these feelings and fears, there is commonly the most obstinate belief and persuasion. [Cullen, "First Lines of the Practice of Physic," Edinburgh, 1791]

虽然对库伦来说, hypochondria 的临床定义还包括身体症状和疼痛,以及这些精神妄想。随着旧的医学信仰的消逝,这个词从临床使用中消失了,但在流行中仍用于"对自己健康的无根据的病态恐惧"。在19世纪30年代, hypochondria ,可以仅仅指"病态的忧郁",也可以指"对健康的邪恶的忧虑,没有足够的理由"和"上腹部"。

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of hypochondria from WordNet

hypochondria (n.)
chronic and abnormal anxiety about imaginary symptoms and ailments;
Synonyms: hypochondriasis
From wordnet.princeton.edu