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humor (n.)

14世纪中叶,"动物或植物的液体或汁液",来自古北法 humour "液体,潮湿;(医学)幽默"(古法语 humorumor ;现代法语 humeur ),来自拉丁语 umor "体液"(也是 humor ,与 humus "大地"错误地联系在一起);与 umere "湿润,潮湿"和 uvescere "变得潮湿"有关(见 humid )。

在旧医学中,"四种体液中的任何一种"(血、痰、胆、忧郁或黑胆),其相对比例被认为决定了身体状况和精神状态。这导致了"情绪、暂时的心境"的意义(最早记录于1520年代);"有趣的品质、趣味、玩笑的心态"的意义最早记录于1680年代,可能是通过由心境决定的"奇思妙想、任性"的意义(1560年代),这也产生了"放纵(某人的)幻想或性情"的动词意义。现代法语将它们作为双关语: humeur "性情、心情、任性"; humour "幽默"。"首字母 h 的发音只是近代的,有时会被省略......"。OED]。

为了帮助区分倾向于归入"humor"项下的各种装置,这个来自Henry W. Fowler["Modern English Usage",1926]的指南可能有用。

HUMOR: motive/aim : discovery; province : human nature; method/means : observation; audience : the sympathetic
WIT: motive/aim : throwing light; province : words & ideas; method/means : surprise; audience : the intelligent
SATIRE: motive/aim : amendment; province : morals & manners; method/means : accentuation; audience : the self-satisfied
SARCASM: motive/aim : inflicting pain; province : faults & foibles; method/means : inversion; audience : victim & bystander
INVECTIVE: motive/aim : discredit; province : misconduct; method/means : direct statement; audience : the public
IRONY: motive/aim : exclusiveness; province : statement of facts; method/means : mystification; audience : an inner circle
CYNICISM: motive/aim : self-justification; province : morals; method/means : exposure of nakedness; audience : the respectable
SARDONIC: motive/aim : self-relief; province : adversity; method/means : pessimism; audience : the self

humor (v.)

1580年代,"顺从(某人的)喜好或处置;"见 humor (n.)。相关链接: Humored ; humoring

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Definitions of humor from WordNet
1
humor (n.)
a message whose ingenuity or verbal skill or incongruity has the power to evoke laughter;
Synonyms: wit / humour / witticism / wittiness
humor (n.)
the trait of appreciating (and being able to express) the humorous;
you can't survive in the army without a sense of humor
she didn't appreciate my humor
Synonyms: humour / sense of humor / sense of humour
humor (n.)
a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling;
he was in a bad humor
Synonyms: temper / mood / humour
humor (n.)
the quality of being funny;
I fail to see the humor in it
Synonyms: humour
humor (n.)
(Middle Ages) one of the four fluids in the body whose balance was believed to determine your emotional and physical state;
the humors are blood and phlegm and yellow and black bile
Synonyms: humour
humor (n.)
the liquid parts of the body;
Synonyms: liquid body substance / bodily fluid / body fluid / humour
2
humor (v.)
put into a good mood;
Synonyms: humour
From wordnet.princeton.edu