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host (n.1)

"接待客人的人",特别是为了报酬,13世纪晚期,来自古法语 ostehoste "客人、主人、女主人、地主"(12世纪,现代法语 hôte ),来自拉丁语 hospitem (代名词 hospes )"客人、陌生人、旅人、访客(因此也是'外国人')",也是"主人;受招待关系束缚的人"。

这似乎来自于PIE *ghos-pot- ,是一个复合词,意思是"客人-主人"(比较旧教会斯拉夫语 gospodi "主人,主人",字面意思是"陌生人的主人"),来自于根 *ghos-ti- "陌生人,客人,主人"和 *poti- "强大的;主人"。词源学上的概念是指"与自己有对等的招待义务"的人[Watkins]。生物学意义上的"有寄生虫的动物或植物"来自1857年。

host (n.2)

"众人",特别是为战争而组织的军队,13世纪中叶,来自古法语 osthost "军队"(10世纪),来自中世纪拉丁语 hostis ,早期使用"陌生人、外国人",古典使用"敌人",来自PIE词根 *ghos-ti- "陌生人、客人、主人"。

它取代了古英语 here (见 harry (v.)),反过来又被 army 基本上取代了。广义的"大量"含义最早见于1610年代。拉丁文 h- 在古法语中失传,后来在古法语和中英文拼写中恢复,在现代英语中也有发音。 Lord of Hosts 译为希伯来文 Jehovah Ts'baoth (在整本圣经中出现了260多次),似乎既指天上的(天使),也指地上的主人。

host (n.3)

"基督的身体,奉献的面包",14世纪 ,来自拉丁文 hostia "牺牲",也是"被牺牲的动物,受害者",可能最终与 host (n.1)的根义"陌生人,敌人"有关。在教会拉丁语中应用于基督,在中世纪拉丁语中应用于献祭的面包。

host (v.)

"充当主人",15世纪初,原意为"给予娱乐,作为客人接待",出自 host (n.1)。相关链接: Hosted ; hosting

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Definitions of host from WordNet
1
host (n.)
a person who invites guests to a social event (such as a party in his or her own home) and who is responsible for them while they are there;
host (n.)
a vast multitude;
Synonyms: horde / legion
host (n.)
an animal or plant that nourishes and supports a parasite; it does not benefit and is often harmed by the association;
host (n.)
a person who acts as host at formal occasions (makes an introductory speech and introduces other speakers);
Synonyms: master of ceremonies / emcee
host (n.)
archaic terms for army;
Synonyms: legion
host (n.)
any organization that provides resources and facilities for a function or event;
Atlanta was chosen to be host for the Olympic Games
host (n.)
(medicine) recipient of transplanted tissue or organ from a donor;
host (n.)
the owner or manager of an inn;
Synonyms: innkeeper / boniface
host (n.)
(computer science) a computer that provides client stations with access to files and printers as shared resources to a computer network;
Synonyms: server
2
host (v.)
be the host of or for;
We hosted 4 couples last night
3
Host (n.)
a technical name for the bread used in the service of Mass or Holy Communion;
From wordnet.princeton.edu