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hope (v.)

古英语 hopian "have the theological virtue of Hope; hope for (salvation, mercy), trust in (God's word)",也是"to have trust, have confidence; assume confidently or trust"(某事是或将是如此),这个词来源不明。不是通常的日耳曼语,但在北海日耳曼语中使用(同源词。古弗里斯兰语 hopia ,中低德语、中荷兰语、荷兰语 hopen ;中高德语 hoffen "希望",借自低德语)。)

从13世纪初作为"希望"(某事),"愿望"。相关链接: Hoped ; hoping 。要 hope against hope (1610s)"在没有任何盼望的理由的情况下,抱着盼望"与罗马书四18呼应。

Who against hope, beleeued in hope, that hee might become the father of many nations: according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seede bee. [King James Version, 1611]

威克里菲特圣经》(约1384年)有这样的记载:"亚伯拉罕agens hope bileuede that he schulde be maad fadir of manye folkis"。

hope (n.)

晚期古英语 hopa "对未来的信心",特别是"上帝或基督作为希望的基础",来自 hope (v. )。13世纪起作"对所期望的东西的期望",也有"信任、信心;一厢情愿的愿望";14世纪末作"希望的东西",也有"希望的理由或基础"。14世纪以来人格化 。相关内容: Hopes .

比较古弗里斯兰语和中荷兰语 hope ,丹麦语 haab ,荷兰语 hoop ,均来自各自的动词。 forlorn hope ,见 forlorn

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Definitions of hope from WordNet
1
hope (n.)
a specific instance of feeling hopeful;
it revived their hope of winning the pennant
hope (n.)
the general feeling that some desire will be fulfilled;
in spite of his troubles he never gave up hope
hope (n.)
grounds for feeling hopeful about the future;
Synonyms: promise
hope (n.)
someone (or something) on which expectations are centered;
he was their best hope for a victory
hope (n.)
one of the three Christian virtues;
2
hope (v.)
expect and wish;
I hope she understands that she cannot expect a raise
Synonyms: trust / desire
hope (v.)
be optimistic; be full of hope; have hopes;
hope (v.)
intend with some possibility of fulfilment;
I hope to have finished this work by tomorrow evening
Synonyms: go for
3
Hope (n.)
United States comedian (born in England) who appeared in films with Bing Crosby (1903-2003);
Synonyms: Bob Hope / Leslie Townes Hope
From wordnet.princeton.edu