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hope (v.)

古英语 hopian “have the theological virtue of Hope; hope for (salvation, mercy), trust in (God's word)”, 也是“to have trust, have confidence; assume confidently or trust” (某事是或将是如此), 这个词来源不明. 不是通常的日耳曼语, 但在北海日耳曼语中使用(同源词. 古弗里斯兰语 hopia, 中低德语, 中荷兰语, 荷兰语 hopen; 中高德语 hoffen “希望”, 借自低德语).)

从13世纪初作为“希望” (某事), “愿望”. 相关链接: Hoped; hoping. 要 hope against hope (1610s) “在没有任何盼望的理由的情况下, 抱着盼望” 与罗马书四18呼应.

Who against hope, beleeued in hope, that hee might become the father of many nations: according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seede bee. [King James Version, 1611]

威克里菲特圣经》(约1384年) 有这样的记载:“亚伯拉罕agens hope bileuede that he schulde be maad fadir of manye folkis”.

hope (n.)

晚期古英语 hopa “对未来的信心”, 特别是“上帝或基督作为希望的基础”, 来自 hope (v.). 13世纪起作“对所期望的东西的期望”, 也有“信任, 信心; 一厢情愿的愿望”; 14世纪末作“希望的东西”, 也有“希望的理由或基础”. 14世纪以来人格化. 相关内容: Hopes.

比较古弗里斯兰语和中荷兰语 hope, 丹麦语 haab, 荷兰语 hoop, 均来自各自的动词. forlorn hope, 见 forlorn.

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Definitions of hope
1
hope (n.)
a specific instance of feeling hopeful;
it revived their hope of winning the pennant
hope (n.)
the general feeling that some desire will be fulfilled;
in spite of his troubles he never gave up hope
hope (n.)
grounds for feeling hopeful about the future;
Synonyms: promise
hope (n.)
someone (or something) on which expectations are centered;
he was their best hope for a victory
hope (n.)
one of the three Christian virtues;
2
hope (v.)
expect and wish;
I hope she understands that she cannot expect a raise
Synonyms: trust / desire
hope (v.)
be optimistic; be full of hope; have hopes;
hope (v.)
intend with some possibility of fulfilment;
I hope to have finished this work by tomorrow evening
Synonyms: go for
3
Hope (n.)
United States comedian (born in England) who appeared in films with Bing Crosby (1903-2003);
Synonyms: Bob Hope / Leslie Townes Hope
From wordnet.princeton.edu