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honor (n.)

13世纪, onur ,"荣耀、名声、赢得的名声",来自英法 honour ,古法 onorhonor "荣誉、尊严、区别、地位;胜利、胜利"(现代法语 honneur ),来自拉丁文 honorem (名词 honos ,西塞罗使用的形式,但后来 honor )"荣誉、尊严、职务、名誉",来源不明。在中古英语中,也可能是"辉煌、美丽;卓越"的意思。直到17世纪, honourhonor 同样频繁出现;现在英国更倾向于使用前者,美国则受诺亚-韦伯斯特的影响使用后者。意为"女性的纯洁,女人的贞洁",最早见于14世纪末。 Honor roll 在1872年证明的学术意义上。

The initial h in honest , honor , etc., is merely etymological, the sound having already disappeared when the word came into ME use. [Century Dictionary]

这是在早期的古法语中开始进行的拉丁语系修正。从14世纪作为"尊敬或尊重的行动;显示尊敬或尊重的行为或姿态;激发尊敬的状态或状况;高尚的品格或礼仪;崇高的地位或等级;尊敬或尊重的标志;荣耀的来源,良好声誉的原因"。意思是"一个人对高度尊重或尊敬的个人头衔"出自1540年代。巴特利特(《美国语词典》,1848年)报道 honor bright! ,"俗人中的荣誉抗议"。

honor (v.)

13世纪中叶, honuren ,"做荣誉,表示尊重",来自古法语 onorerhonorer "尊重,尊敬,崇敬;欢迎;介绍"(某人与某事),来自拉丁语 honorare "荣誉",来自 honor "荣誉,尊严,职务,名誉"(见 honor (n.))。来自14世纪为"授予荣誉"。从14世纪作"尊重、遵循"(教诲等)。在"接受到期的账单等"的商业意义上,从1706年开始记载,通过"履行尊重的义务向"的概念。相关链接: Honored ; honoring .

A custom more honoured in the breach than the observance . Whoever will look up the passage ( Hamlet I. iv. 16) will see that it means, beyond a doubt, a custom that one deserves more honour for breaking than for keeping: but it is often quoted in the wrong & very different sense of a dead letter or rule more often broken than kept. [Fowler]

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Definitions of honor from WordNet
1
honor (n.)
a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction;
Synonyms: award / accolade / honour / laurels
honor (n.)
the state of being honored;
Synonyms: honour / laurels
honor (n.)
the quality of being honorable and having a good name;
a man of honor
Synonyms: honour
honor (n.)
a woman's virtue or chastity;
Synonyms: honour / purity / pureness
2
honor (v.)
bestow honor or rewards upon;
Today we honor our soldiers
Synonyms: honour / reward
honor (v.)
show respect towards;
honor your parents!
Synonyms: respect / honour / abide by / observe
honor (v.)
accept as pay;
we honor checks and drafts
Synonyms: honour
From wordnet.princeton.edu