home (n.)

古英语 ham “居住地, 房子, 居所, 固定住所; 庄园; 村庄; 地区, 国家”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *haimaz “家” (也是古弗里斯兰语 hem “家, 村庄”, 古诺尔斯语 heimr “住所, 世界”, heima “家”, 丹麦语 hjem, 中荷兰语 heem, 德语 heim “家”, 哥特语 haims “村庄” 的来源), 来自于PIE *(t) koimo-, 是词根 *tkei- “定居, 居住, 在家” 的后缀形式. 作为1550年代的形容词. 旧日耳曼语的“村落” 意义保留在地名和 hamlet.

'Home' in the full range and feeling of [Modern English] home is a conception that belongs distinctively to the word home and some of its Gmc. cognates and is not covered by any single word in most of the IE languages. [Buck]

俚语 make (oneself) at home “在自己不住的地方变得自在” 可追溯到1892年(at home “自在” 是1510年代的). 要 keep the home fires burning 是1914年的一个歌名. 要 nothing to write home about “不起眼” 是1907年的. Home movie 是1919年的 home computer 是来自1967年. Home stretch (1841年) 是来自赛马(见 stretch (n.) ). Home economics 作为学校的课程首次被证明是1899年; 该词本身由1879年(因为“家庭管理” 是 economy, 该词在词源上是多余的).

Home, 作为运动或游戏中的目标是从1778年开始的. Home base 在棒球运动中, 由1856年证明. home plate 由1867年. Home team 在运动中是由1869年. home field “属于当地球队的场地” 来自1802年(OED第2版印刷品中1800年的引文是一个日期错字, 因为它指的是斯波坎瀑布的棒球). Home-field advantage 经考证, 从1955年开始.

home (v.)

1765年, “回家”, 出自 home (n.). 意为“被无线电信号等引导到目的地”. (导弹, 飞机等的) 出自1920年; 早先曾用于指鸽子(1862年). 相关: Homed; homing. 古英语有 hamian “建立在家中”.

Definitions of home
home (n.)
where you live at a particular time;
deliver the package to my home
he doesn't have a home to go to
Synonyms: place
home (n.)
housing that someone is living in;
they raise money to provide homes for the homeless
Synonyms: dwelling / domicile / abode / habitation / dwelling house
home (n.)
the country or state or city where you live;
Canadian tariffs enabled United States lumber companies to raise prices at home
his home is New Jersey
home (n.)
(baseball) base consisting of a rubber slab where the batter stands; it must be touched by a base runner in order to score;
he ruled that the runner failed to touch home
Synonyms: home plate / home base / plate
home (n.)
the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end;
Synonyms: base
home (n.)
place where something began and flourished;
the United States is the home of basketball
home (n.)
an environment offering affection and security;
home is where the heart is
he grew up in a good Christian home
there's no place like home
home (n.)
a social unit living together;
the teacher asked how many people made up his home
Synonyms: family / household / house / menage
home (n.)
an institution where people are cared for;
a home for the elderly
Synonyms: nursing home / rest home
home (adv.)
at or to or in the direction of one's home or family;
came riding home in style
I'll be home tomorrow
don't forget to write home
I hope you will come home for Christmas
I'll take her home
after the game the children brought friends home for supper
He stays home on weekends
home (adv.)
on or to the point aimed at;
the arrow struck home
home (adv.)
to the fullest extent; to the heart;
drove the nail home
his comments hit home
drove his point home
home (adj.)
used of your own ground;
a home game
home (adj.)
inside the country;
Synonyms: interior / internal / national
home (adj.)
relating to or being where one lives or where one's roots are;
my home town
home (v.)
provide with, or send to, a home;
home (v.)
return home accurately from a long distance;