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holiday (n.)

1500年代,更早的 haliday ( 13世纪 ),来自古英语 haligdæg "圣日,献身日,宗教纪念日;安息日",来自 halig "圣"(见 holy )+ dæg "日"(见 day );在14世纪既有"宗教节日"的意思,也有"免除劳动和娱乐的日子"的意思,但发音和意义分化了16世纪 作为形容词15世纪中期 Happy holidays ,来自19世纪中期,在英国英语中,指学校的暑假。作为圣诞节时的问候语,到1937年,美式英语,在骆驼牌香烟广告中。

holiday (v.)

"打发假期",1869年,来自 holiday (n.)。

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Definitions of holiday from WordNet
1
holiday (n.)
leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasure;
we took a short holiday in Puerto Rico
Synonyms: vacation
holiday (n.)
a day on which work is suspended by law or custom;
no mail is delivered on federal holidays
it's a good thing that New Year's was a holiday because everyone had a hangover
2
holiday (v.)
spend or take a vacation;
Synonyms: vacation
From wordnet.princeton.edu