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history (n.)

14世纪末,"事件的关系"(真假),来自古法语 estoireestorie "故事;编年史,历史"(12世纪,现代法语 histoire ),来自拉丁语 historia "对过去事件的叙述,记述,故事,故事",来自希腊语 historia "通过询问的学习或了解。一个人的探究的记载;知识、记载、历史记载、记录、叙事",来源于 historein "做证人或专家;作证、叙述;找出、搜索、询问",以及 histōr "知道、专家;证人",两者最终都来自于PIE *wid-tor- ,来自于词根 *weid- "看",因此"知道"。"

因此,它与希腊语 idein "看"和 eidenai "知道"有关。比克斯在谈到 histōr 时写道:"这个词本身,特别是产生于爱奥尼亚的派生词......与爱奥尼亚科学和哲学一起,传遍了希腊和希腊化世界。"

在中古英语中,与 story (n.1)没有区别;意义上的"对过去事件的叙述记录"可能最早出现在15世纪晚期意思是"过去记录的事件"是从15世纪晚期开始的 作为知识的一个分支,从15世纪晚期开始意思是"历史剧或戏剧"是从1590年代开始的。意思是"系统地记述(不考虑时间)一组自然现象"(1560年代),现在已经过时了,除了在 natural history 直到19世纪80年代,美国出版的县志中还经常有自然史的章节,并附有鸟类和鱼类的名单,以及当地的蛞蝓和淡水蛤蜊的插图)。意为"一个多事之秋的生涯,一个值得注意的过去"( a woman with a history )是1852年的。至 make history "显著参与公共活动"是1862年的。

History is the interpretation of the significance that the past has for us. [Johan Huizinga, "The Task of the Cultural Historian"]

History is more or less bunk [Henry Ford, Chicago Tribune, May 25, 1916]

One difference between history and imaginative literature ... is that history neither anticipates nor satisfies our curiosity, whereas literature does. [Guy Davenport, "Wheel Ruts," 1996]

Origin and meaning of history

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Definitions of history from WordNet

history (n.)
the aggregate of past events;
a critical time in the school's history
history (n.)
a record or narrative description of past events;
a history of France
Synonyms: account / chronicle / story
history (n.)
the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings;
he teaches Medieval history
history takes the long view
history (n.)
the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future;
all of human history
history (n.)
all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge;
the dawn of recorded history
from the beginning of history
From wordnet.princeton.edu