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history (n.)

14世纪末, “事件的关系” (真假), 来自古法语 estoire, estorie “故事; 编年史, 历史” (12世纪, 现代法语 histoire), 来自拉丁语 historia “对过去事件的叙述, 记述, 故事, 故事”, 来自希腊语 historia “通过询问的学习或了解. 一个人的探究的记载; 知识, 记载, 历史记载, 记录, 叙事”, 来源于 historein “做证人或专家; 作证, 叙述; 找出, 搜索, 询问”, 以及 histōr “知道, 专家; 证人”, 两者最终都来自于PIE *wid-tor-, 来自于词根 *weid- “看”, 因此“知道”. “

因此, 它与希腊语 idein” 看“和 eidenai” 知道“有关. 比克斯在谈到 histōr 时写道:” 这个词本身, 特别是产生于爱奥尼亚的派生词. .. .. .与爱奥尼亚科学和哲学一起, 传遍了希腊和希腊化世界. “

在中古英语中, 与 story (n. 1) 没有区别; 意义上的” 对过去事件的叙述记录“可能最早出现在15世纪晚期意思是” 过去记录的事件“是从15世纪晚期开始的 作为知识的一个分支, 从15世纪晚期开始意思是” 历史剧或戏剧“是从1590年代开始的. 意思是” 系统地记述(不考虑时间) 一组自然现象“(1560年代), 现在已经过时了, 除了在 natural history 直到19世纪80年代, 美国出版的县志中还经常有自然史的章节, 并附有鸟类和鱼类的名单, 以及当地的蛞蝓和淡水蛤蜊的插图). 意为” 一个多事之秋的生涯, 一个值得注意的过去“(a woman with a history) 是1852年的. 至 make history” 显著参与公共活动“是1862年的.

History is the interpretation of the significance that the past has for us. [Johan Huizinga,” The Task of the Cultural Historian“]

History is more or less bunk [Henry Ford, Chicago Tribune, May 25, 1916]

One difference between history and imaginative literature. .. is that history neither anticipates nor satisfies our curiosity, whereas literature does. [Guy Davenport,” Wheel Ruts, “ 1996]

Origin and meaning of history

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Definitions of history from WordNet

history (n.)
the aggregate of past events;
a critical time in the school's history
history (n.)
a record or narrative description of past events;
a history of France
Synonyms: account / chronicle / story
history (n.)
the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings;
he teaches Medieval history
history takes the long view
history (n.)
the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future;
all of human history
history (n.)
all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge;
the dawn of recorded history
from the beginning of history
From wordnet.princeton.edu