hero (n.1)

14世纪晚期, “具有超人力量或身体勇气的人”, 来自古法语 heroe (14世纪, 现代法语 héros), 来自拉丁语 heros (复数 heroes) “英雄, 半神, 杰出的人”, 来自希腊语 hērōs (复数 hērōes) “半神”, 其变体单数为 hērōe. 这是一个不确定的起源; 也许最初是“保卫者, 保护者”, 来自PIE根 *ser- (1) “保护”, 但Beekes写道, 它“可能是一个前希腊词”.

意为“在任何行动过程中表现出极大勇气的人”, 是1660年代英语中的. 意为“戏剧, 故事等中的主要男性角色”, 最早记载于1690年代. Hero-worship 是从1713年开始, 指古代的邪教和神秘事件; 到1830年代指活人. 在荷马中, 指特洛伊之前的希腊人, 当时是一般战士的综合称谓, 也指英雄时代的所有自由人. 在古典神话中, 至少从赫西俄德(公元前8世纪) 开始, “神与凡人所生的人”, 尤其是为人类服务过的人; 除赫拉克勒斯外, 仅限于地方神灵和城市的守护者.

hero (n.2)

1955年, 纽约市术语为一个三明治在其他地方被称为 submarine, grinder, poor boy (新奥尔良), 或 hoagie (费城); 起源不详, 也许因为其巨大的尺寸(来自 hero (n. 1) )而如此称呼, 或者是希腊语 gyro 作为三明治的一种类型的民间词义学的改变.

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Definitions of hero from WordNet
hero (n.)
a man distinguished by exceptional courage and nobility and strength;
RAF pilots were the heroes of the Battle of Britain
hero (n.)
the principal character in a play or movie or novel or poem;
hero (n.)
someone who fights for a cause;
Synonyms: champion / fighter / paladin
hero (n.)
(classical mythology) a being of great strength and courage celebrated for bold exploits; often the offspring of a mortal and a god;
hero (n.)
a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the United States;
Synonyms: bomber / grinder / hero sandwich / hoagie / hoagy / Cuban sandwich / Italian sandwich / poor boy / sub / submarine / submarine sandwich / torpedo / wedge / zep
Hero (n.)
Greek mathematician and inventor who devised a way to determine the area of a triangle and who described various mechanical devices (first century);
Synonyms: Heron / Hero of Alexandria
Hero (n.)
(Greek mythology) priestess of Aphrodite who killed herself when her lover Leander drowned while trying to swim the Hellespont to see her;