help (v.)

古英语 helpan "帮助、支持、接济;受益、做好事;治疗、修正"(转义,第三类强动词;过去时 healp ,过去分词 holpen ),来自于原日耳曼语 *helpanan (也是古北欧语 hjalpa ,古弗里斯兰语 helpa ,中荷兰语和荷兰语 helpen ,古高德语 helfan ,德语 helfen ),这个词的来源不确定,不过可能与立陶宛语 šelpiu, šelpti "支持、帮助"同源。

不及物义,"负担得起援助或协助",来自13世纪早期 记录为14世纪晚期的求救声 "在餐桌上为某人提供食物"(1680年代)的意义是从法语 servir "帮助、稳固、利用"翻译过来的,并引申为 helping "食物的一部分"。 Help yourself 作为邀请,指食物等,是1894年的。相关: Helped ( 14世纪 )。中英过去分词 holpen ,在圣经和美国方言中都有使用。

help (n.)

古英语 help (m.), helpe (f.)"援助,救助",来自于原日耳曼语*helpo(来源也是古北欧语 hjalp ,瑞典语 hjälp ,古弗里斯兰语 helpe ,荷兰语 hulp ,古高德语 helfa ,德语 Hilfe ),来自于 help (v.)的来源。

help 作为"仆人"的委婉语,是美国英语,1640年代,最初在新英格兰。巴特利特(1848)将其描述为"新英格兰地区对仆人以及棉纺厂或毛纺厂的操作人员的通称"。

A domestic servant of American birth, and without negro blood in his or her veins ... is not a servant, but a 'help.' 'Help wanted,' is the common heading of advertisements in the North, when servants are required. [Chas. Mackay, "Life and Liberty in America," 1859].

虽然 help ,在中古英语中也有"助手、帮手、支持者"的意思(13世纪)。

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Definitions of help from WordNet
help (v.)
give help or assistance; be of service;
Can you help me carry this table?
She never helps around the house
Everyone helped out during the earthquake
Synonyms: assist / aid
help (v.)
improve the condition of;
These pills will help the patient
Synonyms: aid
help (v.)
be of use;
This will help to prevent accidents
Synonyms: facilitate
help (v.)
abstain from doing; always used with a negative;
I can't help myself--I have to smoke
She could not help watching the sad spectacle
Synonyms: help oneself
help (v.)
help to some food; help with food or drink;
I served him three times, and after that he helped himself
Synonyms: serve
help (v.)
contribute to the furtherance of;
This money will help the development of literacy in developing countries
help (v.)
take or use;
She helped herself to some of the office supplies
Synonyms: avail
help (v.)
improve; change for the better;
New slipcovers will help the old living room furniture
help (n.)
the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose;
offered his help in unloading
Synonyms: aid / assist / assistance
help (n.)
a person who contributes to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose;
they hired additional help to finish the work
Synonyms: assistant / helper / supporter
help (n.)
a person or thing that is a resource that helps make something easier or possible to do;
Synonyms: aid / assistance
help (n.)
a means of serving;
there's no help for it
Synonyms: avail / service