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heart (n.)

古英语 heorte “心脏(循环血液的中空肌肉器官); 胸膛, 灵魂, 精神, 意志, 欲望; 勇气; 心灵, 智力,” 来自于原日耳曼语 *hertan- (也是古撒克逊语 herta, 古弗里斯兰语 herte, 古北欧语 hjarta, 荷兰语 hart, 古高德语 herza, 德语 Herz, 哥特语 hairto), 来自于PIE根 *kerd- “心脏”.

-ea- 的拼写是 16 世纪, 反映了当时是一个长元音, 当发音发生变化时, 拼写仍然存在. 大多数现代的形象意义在古英语中都存在, 包括“记忆” (来自心脏作为所有精神官能的所在地的概念, 现在只在 by heart, 出自14世纪末), “内心感受的所在地; 意志; 情感, 尤其是爱情和亲情的所在地; 勇气的所在地”. 意为“任何事物的内部” 来自14世纪初 在参考传统的心形插图中, 15世纪末. heart-shaped 是来自1744年.

Heart attack 证自1875年. heart disease 是来自1864年. 纸牌游戏 hearts 从1886年开始如此称呼. 要 have one's heart in the right place “善意” 是1774年的. Heart and soul “全身心” 来自1650年代. 要 eat (one's own) heart “用悲伤, 怨恨等方式浪费掉” 是1580年代的事.

heart (v.)

古英语 hiertan “give heart to”, 出自 heart (n.). 莎士比亚用它作“捧心” (17世纪); 1866年的卷心菜, “形成一颗心”. 意为“去爱”, 到1993年, 出自纽约州流行的旅游宣传活动, 用心形符号代替“爱” 字.

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Definitions of heart from WordNet

heart (n.)
the locus of feelings and intuitions;
in your heart you know it is true
Synonyms: bosom
heart (n.)
the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs; its rhythmic contractions move the blood through the body;
he stood still, his heart thumping wildly
Synonyms: pump / ticker
heart (n.)
the courage to carry on;
you haven't got the heart for baseball
Synonyms: mettle / nerve / spunk
heart (n.)
an area that is approximately central within some larger region;
they ran forward into the heart of the struggle
Synonyms: center / centre / middle / eye
heart (n.)
the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;
the heart and soul of the Republican Party
Synonyms: kernel / substance / core / center / centre / essence / gist / heart and soul / inwardness / marrow / meat / nub / pith / sum / nitty-gritty
heart (n.)
an inclination or tendency of a certain kind;
he had a change of heart
Synonyms: spirit
heart (n.)
a plane figure with rounded sides curving inward at the top and intersecting at the bottom; conventionally used on playing cards and valentines;
he drew a heart and called it a valentine
heart (n.)
a firm rather dry variety meat (usually beef or veal);
a five-pound beef heart will serve six
heart (n.)
a positive feeling of liking;
the child won everyone's heart
Synonyms: affection / affectionateness / fondness / tenderness / warmness / warmheartedness / philia
heart (n.)
a playing card in the major suit that has one or more red hearts on it;
hearts were trumps
he led the queen of hearts
From wordnet.princeton.edu