heart (n.)

古英语 heorte "心脏(循环血液的中空肌肉器官);胸膛、灵魂、精神、意志、欲望;勇气;心灵、智力,"来自于原日耳曼语 *hertan- (也是古撒克逊语 herta 、古弗里斯兰语 herte 、古北欧语 hjarta 、荷兰语 hart 、古高德语 herza 、德语 Herz 、哥特语 hairto ),来自于PIE根 *kerd- "心脏"。

-ea- 的拼写是 16 世纪 ,反映了当时是一个长元音,当发音发生变化时,拼写仍然存在。大多数现代的形象意义在古英语中都存在,包括"记忆"(来自心脏作为所有精神官能的所在地的概念,现在只在 by heart ,出自14世纪末),"内心感受的所在地;意志;情感,尤其是爱情和亲情的所在地;勇气的所在地"。意为"任何事物的内部"来自14世纪初 在参考传统的心形插图中,15世纪末。 heart-shaped 是来自1744年。

Heart attack 证自1875年。 heart disease 是来自1864年。纸牌游戏 hearts 从1886年开始如此称呼。要 have one's heart in the right place "善意"是1774年的。 Heart and soul "全身心"来自1650年代。要 eat (one's own) heart "用悲伤、怨恨等方式浪费掉"是1580年代的事。

heart (v.)

古英语 hiertan "give heart to",出自 heart (n.)。莎士比亚用它作"捧心"(17世纪);1866年的卷心菜,"形成一颗心"。意为"去爱",到1993年,出自纽约州流行的旅游宣传活动,用心形符号代替"爱"字。

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Definitions of heart from WordNet

heart (n.)
the locus of feelings and intuitions;
in your heart you know it is true
Synonyms: bosom
heart (n.)
the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs; its rhythmic contractions move the blood through the body;
he stood still, his heart thumping wildly
Synonyms: pump / ticker
heart (n.)
the courage to carry on;
you haven't got the heart for baseball
Synonyms: mettle / nerve / spunk
heart (n.)
an area that is approximately central within some larger region;
they ran forward into the heart of the struggle
Synonyms: center / centre / middle / eye
heart (n.)
the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;
the heart and soul of the Republican Party
Synonyms: kernel / substance / core / center / centre / essence / gist / heart and soul / inwardness / marrow / meat / nub / pith / sum / nitty-gritty
heart (n.)
an inclination or tendency of a certain kind;
he had a change of heart
Synonyms: spirit
heart (n.)
a plane figure with rounded sides curving inward at the top and intersecting at the bottom; conventionally used on playing cards and valentines;
he drew a heart and called it a valentine
heart (n.)
a firm rather dry variety meat (usually beef or veal);
a five-pound beef heart will serve six
heart (n.)
a positive feeling of liking;
the child won everyone's heart
Synonyms: affection / affectionateness / fondness / tenderness / warmness / warmheartedness / philia
heart (n.)
a playing card in the major suit that has one or more red hearts on it;
hearts were trumps
he led the queen of hearts