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head (n.)

古英语 heafod “身体的顶端”, 也是“斜坡的上端”, 也是“首领, 领袖, 统治者; 首都”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *haubid (也是古撒克逊语 hobid, 古诺尔语 hofuð, 古弗里斯兰语 haved, 中荷兰语 hovet, 荷兰语 hoofd, 古高德语 houbit, 德语 Haupt, 哥特语 haubiþ “头” 的来源), 来自于PIE根 *kaput- “头”.

现代拼法是15世纪初, 代表当时的长元音(如 heat), 并在发音转变后保留. 14世纪晚期的植物圆顶的意思是“河流的起源” 是14世纪中期的意思是“硬币的正面” (有肖像的一面) 是1680年代的; 意思是“啤酒杯上的泡沫” 是1540年代的首次考证; 意思是“厕所” 是1748年的, 根据船员厕所的位置在船头(或 head).

Synechdochic用于“人” (如 head count) 的用法最早见于13世纪晚期; 牛等, 在这个意义上来自1510年代. 作为人的身高测量, 从14世纪开始. 意为“瘾君子” (通常以喜欢的药物为第一要素的复合词) 是从1911年开始的.

over (one's) head “超出自己的理解范围” 是到1620年代. 到 give head “口交” 是20世纪50年代的. 词组 heads will roll “人民将受到惩罚” (1930年) 翻译阿道夫-希特勒. Head case “古怪或疯狂的人” 是1966年的. Head game “精神操纵” 由1972年证明.

head (v.)

“居首或领头”, 13世纪, 来自 head (n.). 意为“把头(朝) 向”, 出自17世纪. 相关: headed, heading. 该词最早用作动词的意思是“斩首” (古英语 heafdian). 动词短语 head up “监督, 指挥” 在1930年就有证明.

head (adj.)

“最重要的, 主要的, 领先的”, 13世纪, 来自 head (n.). 古英语 heafod 在这个意义上用于复合词.

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Definitions of head from WordNet
1
head (n.)
the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains;
he stuck his head out the window
Synonyms: caput
head (n.)
a single domestic animal;
200 head of cattle
head (n.)
that which is responsible for one's thoughts, feelings, and conscious brain functions; the seat of the faculty of reason;
I couldn't get his words out of my head
Synonyms: mind / brain / psyche / nous
head (n.)
a person who is in charge;
the head of the whole operation
Synonyms: chief / top dog
head (n.)
the front of a military formation or procession;
they were at the head of the attack
the head of the column advanced boldly
head (n.)
the pressure exerted by a fluid;
a head of steam
head (n.)
the top of something;
the head of the page
the head of the stairs
the head of the list
head (n.)
the source of water from which a stream arises;
they tracked him back toward the head of the stream
Synonyms: fountainhead / headspring
head (n.)
(grammar) the word in a grammatical constituent that plays the same grammatical role as the whole constituent;
Synonyms: head word
head (n.)
the tip of an abscess (where the pus accumulates);
head (n.)
the length or height based on the size of a human or animal head;
his horse won by a head
he is two heads taller than his little sister
head (n.)
a dense cluster of flowers or foliage;
a head of lettuce
a head of cauliflower
Synonyms: capitulum
head (n.)
the educator who has executive authority for a school;
Synonyms: principal / school principal / head teacher
head (n.)
an individual person;
tickets are $5 per head
head (n.)
a user of (usually soft) drugs;
the office was full of secret heads
head (n.)
a natural elevation (especially a rocky one that juts out into the sea);
Synonyms: promontory / headland / foreland
head (n.)
a rounded compact mass;
the head of a comet
head (n.)
the foam or froth that accumulates at the top when you pour an effervescent liquid into a container;
the beer had a large head of foam
head (n.)
the part in the front or nearest the viewer;
he was at the head of the column
Synonyms: forefront
head (n.)
a difficult juncture;
matters came to a head yesterday
Synonyms: pass / straits
head (n.)
forward movement;
Synonyms: headway
head (n.)
a V-shaped mark at one end of an arrow pointer;
Synonyms: point
head (n.)
the subject matter at issue;
under the head of minor Roman poets
Synonyms: question
head (n.)
a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about;
the heading seemed to have little to do with the text
Synonyms: heading / header
head (n.)
the rounded end of a bone that fits into a rounded cavity in another bone to form a joint;
the head of the humerus
head (n.)
that part of a skeletal muscle that is away from the bone that it moves;
head (n.)
(computer science) a tiny electromagnetic coil and metal pole used to write and read magnetic patterns on a disk;
Synonyms: read/write head
head (n.)
(usually plural) the obverse side of a coin that usually bears the representation of a person's head;
call heads or tails!
head (n.)
the striking part of a tool;
the head of the hammer
head (n.)
(nautical) a toilet on board a boat or ship;
head (n.)
a projection out from one end;
the head of the nail
head (n.)
a membrane that is stretched taut over a drum;
Synonyms: drumhead
head (n.)
oral stimulation of the genitals;
they say he gives good head
Synonyms: oral sex
2
head (v.)
to go or travel towards;
We were headed for the mountains
where is she heading
head (v.)
be in charge of;
Who is heading this project?
Synonyms: lead
head (v.)
travel in front of; go in advance of others;
The procession was headed by John
Synonyms: lead
head (v.)
be the first or leading member of (a group) and excel;
This student heads the class
Synonyms: head up
head (v.)
direct the course; determine the direction of travelling;
Synonyms: steer / maneuver / manoeuver / manoeuvre / direct / point / guide / channelize / channelise
head (v.)
take its rise;
These rivers head from a mountain range in the Himalayas
head (v.)
be in the front of or on top of;
The list was headed by the name of the president
head (v.)
form a head or come or grow to a head;
The wheat headed early this year
head (v.)
remove the head of;
head the fish
From wordnet.princeton.edu