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have (v.)

古英语 habban "拥有、拥有;受制于人、经历",来自于原日耳曼语 *habejanan (也是古北欧语 hafa 、古撒克逊语 hebbjan 、古弗里斯兰语 habba 、德语 haben 、哥特语 haban "拥有"的来源),来自于PIE根 *kap- "掌握"。与拉丁文 habere ,尽管形式和意义相似,但没有关系;拉丁文的同源词是 capere "抓住"。

"拥有,有一个人的处置"( I have a book )的意义是从旧语言中转变过来的,在旧语言中,被拥有的东西是主语,而拥有者采用了状语(如拉丁文 est mihi liber "我有一本书",字面意思是"有一本书给我")。在古英语中也曾用作助词(尤其是形成现在的完全时态);随着时间的推移,这个词承担了更多的功能;现代英语 he had better ,本来是古英语 him (状语) wære betere

have to ,"必须"(1570年代)来自"作为责任或要做的事而拥有"的意义(古英语)。词组 have a nice day 作为商业交易后的敬语,到1970年,美国英语。词组 have (noun), will (verb) 是1954年,最初来自喜剧演员鲍勃-霍普,形式为 Have tux, will travel ; 霍普将其描述为《综艺》中典型的杂耍演员广告,表示愿意并准备在任何地方表演。

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Definitions of have from WordNet
1
have (v.)
have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense;
She has $1,000 in the bank
He has got two beautiful daughters
Synonyms: have got / hold
have (v.)
have as a feature;
Synonyms: feature
have (v.)
go through (mental or physical states or experiences);
have a feeling
Synonyms: experience / receive / get
have (v.)
cause to move; cause to be in a certain position or condition;
Synonyms: get / let
have (v.)
serve oneself to, or consume regularly;
Synonyms: consume / ingest / take in / take
have (v.)
have a personal or business relationship with someone;
have a postdoc
have a lover
have an assistant
have (v.)
organize or be responsible for;
have, throw, or make a party
Synonyms: hold / throw / make / give
have (v.)
have left;
I don't have any money left
They have two more years before they retire
I have two years left
have (v.)
be confronted with;
Now we have a fine mess
What do we have here?
have (v.)
undergo;
The stocks had a fast run-up
Synonyms: experience
have (v.)
suffer from; be ill with;
She has arthritis
have (v.)
cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner;
Synonyms: induce / stimulate / cause / make
have (v.)
receive willingly something given or offered;
The only girl who would have him was the miller's daughter
I won't have this dog in my house!
Synonyms: accept / take
have (v.)
get something; come into possession of;
Synonyms: receive
have (v.)
undergo (as of injuries and illnesses);
He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars
Synonyms: suffer / sustain / get
have (v.)
achieve a point or goal;
Nicklaus had a 70
Synonyms: get / make
have (v.)
cause to be born;
My wife had twins yesterday!
Synonyms: give birth / deliver / bear / birth
have (v.)
have sex with; archaic use;
He had taken this woman when she was most vulnerable
Synonyms: take
have (v.)
have ownership or possession of;
How many cars does she have?
Synonyms: own / possess
2
have (n.)
a person who possesses great material wealth;
Synonyms: rich person / wealthy person
From wordnet.princeton.edu