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have (v.)

古英语 habban “拥有, 拥有; 受制于人, 经历”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *habejanan (也是古北欧语 hafa, 古撒克逊语 hebbjan, 古弗里斯兰语 habba, 德语 haben, 哥特语 haban “拥有” 的来源), 来自于PIE根 *kap- “掌握”. 与拉丁文 habere, 尽管形式和意义相似, 但没有关系; 拉丁文的同源词是 capere “抓住”.

“拥有, 有一个人的处置” (I have a book) 的意义是从旧语言中转变过来的, 在旧语言中, 被拥有的东西是主语, 而拥有者采用了状语(如拉丁文 est mihi liber “我有一本书”, 字面意思是“有一本书给我” ). 在古英语中也曾用作助词(尤其是形成现在的完全时态); 随着时间的推移, 这个词承担了更多的功能; 现代英语 he had better, 本来是古英语 him (状语) wære betere.

have to, “必须” (1570年代) 来自“作为责任或要做的事而拥有” 的意义(古英语). 词组 have a nice day 作为商业交易后的敬语, 到1970年, 美国英语. 词组 have (noun), will (verb) 是1954年, 最初来自喜剧演员鲍勃-霍普, 形式为 Have tux, will travel; 霍普将其描述为《综艺》中典型的杂耍演员广告, 表示愿意并准备在任何地方表演.

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Definitions of have
1
have (v.)
have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense;
She has $1,000 in the bank
He has got two beautiful daughters
Synonyms: have got / hold
have (v.)
have as a feature;
Synonyms: feature
have (v.)
go through (mental or physical states or experiences);
have a feeling
Synonyms: experience / receive / get
have (v.)
cause to move; cause to be in a certain position or condition;
Synonyms: get / let
have (v.)
serve oneself to, or consume regularly;
Synonyms: consume / ingest / take in / take
have (v.)
have a personal or business relationship with someone;
have a postdoc
have a lover
have an assistant
have (v.)
organize or be responsible for;
have, throw, or make a party
Synonyms: hold / throw / make / give
have (v.)
have left;
I don't have any money left
They have two more years before they retire
I have two years left
have (v.)
be confronted with;
Now we have a fine mess
What do we have here?
have (v.)
undergo;
The stocks had a fast run-up
Synonyms: experience
have (v.)
suffer from; be ill with;
She has arthritis
have (v.)
cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner;
Synonyms: induce / stimulate / cause / make
have (v.)
receive willingly something given or offered;
The only girl who would have him was the miller's daughter
I won't have this dog in my house!
Synonyms: accept / take
have (v.)
get something; come into possession of;
Synonyms: receive
have (v.)
undergo (as of injuries and illnesses);
He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars
Synonyms: suffer / sustain / get
have (v.)
achieve a point or goal;
Nicklaus had a 70
Synonyms: get / make
have (v.)
cause to be born;
My wife had twins yesterday!
Synonyms: give birth / deliver / bear / birth
have (v.)
have sex with; archaic use;
He had taken this woman when she was most vulnerable
Synonyms: take
have (v.)
have ownership or possession of;
How many cars does she have?
Synonyms: own / possess
2
have (n.)
a person who possesses great material wealth;
Synonyms: rich person / wealthy person
From wordnet.princeton.edu