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hate (v.)

古英语 hatian "以极度的恶意看待,有热情的厌恶,视之为敌人",来自于原日耳曼语 *haton (也是古撒克逊语 haton ,古诺尔斯语 hata ,德语 hassen ,哥特语 hatan "憎恨"的来源),来自于PIE根 *kad- "悲伤,仇恨"(也是阿维斯坦语 sadra- "悲伤,忧愁,灾难;"希腊语 kēdos "关心,麻烦,悲伤,哀悼,丧礼;"威尔士语 cas "痛苦,愤怒"的来源)。相关: Hated ; hating 。法语 haine (n.)、 haïr (v.)来自日耳曼语。

hate (n.)

古英语 hete "仇恨、怨恨、嫉妒、恶意、敌意",来自原日耳曼语 *hatis- (也是古北欧语 hattr ,古弗里斯兰语 hat ,荷兰语 haat ,古高德语 has ,德语 Hass ,哥特语 hatis ;见 hate (v.)的来源)。在中古英语中被改成与动词一致。

Hate mail 1951年首次被证实。 Hate crime 1988年被证实。 Hate speech 在现代使用中,到1990年得到证实。这个词在1898年出版的盎格鲁-撒克逊诗歌《天使的堕落》的译本中被发现,讲述了撒旦的反抗,在那里它演绎了盎格鲁-撒克逊 hetespraece

Dear was he to our Lord; but it could not be hidden
That his angel began to be proud,
Lifted himself against his Leader, sought hate-speech,
Words of boasting against him, and would not serve God.
["Education," vol. xviii, No. 6, Feb. 1898]

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Definitions of hate from WordNet
1
hate (v.)
dislike intensely; feel antipathy or aversion towards;
I hate Mexican food
Synonyms: detest
2
hate (n.)
the emotion of intense dislike; a feeling of dislike so strong that it demands action;
Synonyms: hatred
From wordnet.princeton.edu