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hate (v.)

古英语 hatian “以极度的恶意看待, 有热情的厌恶, 视之为敌人”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *haton (也是古撒克逊语 haton, 古诺尔斯语 hata, 德语 hassen, 哥特语 hatan “憎恨” 的来源), 来自于PIE根 *kad- “悲伤, 仇恨” (也是阿维斯坦语 sadra- “悲伤, 忧愁, 灾难;” 希腊语 kēdos “关心, 麻烦, 悲伤, 哀悼, 丧礼;” 威尔士语 cas “痛苦, 愤怒” 的来源). 相关: Hated; hating. 法语 haine (n.), haïr (v.) 来自日耳曼语.

hate (n.)

古英语 hete “仇恨, 怨恨, 嫉妒, 恶意, 敌意”, 来自原日耳曼语 *hatis- (也是古北欧语 hattr, 古弗里斯兰语 hat, 荷兰语 haat, 古高德语 has, 德语 Hass, 哥特语 hatis; 见 hate (v.) 的来源). 在中古英语中被改成与动词一致.

Hate mail 1951年首次被证实. Hate crime 1988年被证实. Hate speech 在现代使用中, 到1990年得到证实. 这个词在1898年出版的盎格鲁-撒克逊诗歌《天使的堕落》的译本中被发现, 讲述了撒旦的反抗, 在那里它演绎了盎格鲁-撒克逊 hetespraece.

Dear was he to our Lord; but it could not be hidden
That his angel began to be proud,
Lifted himself against his Leader, sought hate-speech,
Words of boasting against him, and would not serve God.
[“Education,” vol. xviii, No. 6, Feb. 1898]

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Definitions of hate from WordNet
1
hate (v.)
dislike intensely; feel antipathy or aversion towards;
I hate Mexican food
Synonyms: detest
2
hate (n.)
the emotion of intense dislike; a feeling of dislike so strong that it demands action;
Synonyms: hatred
From wordnet.princeton.edu