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government (n.)

14世纪末,"治理或统治的行为";1550年代,"治理事物的制度"(特别是国家),来自古法语 governement "控制、指导、管理"(现代法语 gouvernement ),来自 governer "驾驭、掌舵;治理、统治、命令、指挥",来自拉丁语 gubernare "指挥、统治、指导、治理",原为"驾驭、驾驶"(见 govern )。意为在某地的"管理权",出自1702年。比较 governance

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Definitions of government from WordNet

government (n.)
the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit;
the government reduced taxes
Synonyms: authorities / regime
government (n.)
the act of governing; exercising authority;
he had considerable experience of government
Synonyms: governing / governance / government activity / administration
government (n.)
(government) the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed;
tyrannical government
government (n.)
the study of government of states and other political units;
Synonyms: politics / political science
From wordnet.princeton.edu