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government (n.)

14世纪末, “治理或统治的行为”; 1550年代, “治理事物的制度” (特别是国家), 来自古法语 governement “控制, 指导, 管理” (现代法语 gouvernement), 来自 governer “驾驭, 掌舵; 治理, 统治, 命令, 指挥”, 来自拉丁语 gubernare “指挥, 统治, 指导, 治理”, 原为“驾驭, 驾驶” (见 govern). 意为在某地的“管理权”, 出自1702年. 比较 governance.

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Definitions of government from WordNet

government (n.)
the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit;
the government reduced taxes
Synonyms: authorities / regime
government (n.)
the act of governing; exercising authority;
he had considerable experience of government
Synonyms: governing / governance / government activity / administration
government (n.)
(government) the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed;
tyrannical government
government (n.)
the study of government of states and other political units;
Synonyms: politics / political science
From wordnet.princeton.edu