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govern (v.)

13世纪晚期, “以权威统治”, 源于古法语 governer “掌舵, 掌舵; 治理, 统治, 命令, 指挥” (11世纪, 现代法语 gouverner), 源于拉丁语 gubernare “指挥, 统治, 指导, 治理” (也是西班牙语 gobernar, 意大利语 governare 的来源), 原为“掌舵, 驾驶”, 从希腊语 kybernan “掌舵或驾驶船只, 作为驾驶员指挥” 的航海借用, 形象地说是“指导, 治理” (cybernetics 的词根). -k--g- 的音变也许是通过伊特鲁里亚语的媒介. 从1590年代开始的不连贯意义. 相关: Governed; governing.

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Definitions of govern from WordNet

govern (v.)
bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage; impose regulations;
Synonyms: regulate / regularize / regularise / order /
govern (v.)
direct or strongly influence the behavior of;
His belief in God governs his conduct
govern (v.)
exercise authority over; as of nations;
Who is governing the country now?
Synonyms: rule
govern (v.)
require to be in a certain grammatical case, voice, or mood;
most transitive verbs govern the accusative case in German
From wordnet.princeton.edu