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good (adj.)

古英语 gōd (带长“o” )“优秀的, 优良的; 有价值的; 可取的, 有利的, 有益的; 充分的, 全部的, 完整的;” 的抽象, 行动等. “有益的, 有效的; 正直的, 虔诚的;” 人或灵魂的“正直的, 虔诚的, 有德行的;” 可能最初是“具有正确的或理想的品质”, 来自于原日耳曼语 *gōda- “合适的, 适合的” (也是古弗里斯兰语 god, 古撒克逊语 gōd, 古北欧语 goðr, 中荷兰语 goed, 荷兰语 goed, 古高德语 guot, 德语 gut, 哥特语 goþs) 的来源. 一个词的词源不确定, 可能最初是“适合, 足够, 属于一起”, 来自于PIE根 *ghedh- “团结, 关联, 适合” (来源也是梵文 gadh- “抓住(战利品)”, 古教会斯拉夫语 godu “有利时机”, 俄语 godnyi “适合, 适合”, 立陶宛语 goda “荣誉”, 古英语 gædrian “聚集, 一起拿起” ).

不规则的比较词和超等词(better, best) 反映了“好” 字的广泛模式, 如拉丁文 bonus, melior, optimus.

善良, 仁慈“的意义来自于古英语后期的人或神, 来自于14世纪中叶的行动. 那” 友好, 亲切“是从13世纪. 意为” 幸运, 繁荣, 有利“是在古英语后期. 作为满意的表达, 从15世纪早期开始. 人,” 熟练的(在一个专业或职业), 专家, “在晚期的古英语, 现在典型的与 at; 在中世纪英语与 ofto. 对于儿童,” 乖巧的“, 到1690年代. 货币,” 不贬低, 标准的价值, “从14世纪末开始 从13世纪的数字或数量,” 大, 大“, 时间或距离,” 长“; . good while” 相当长的时间“是从14世纪开始的; good way” 很远“是15世纪中叶的.

Why then, can one desire too much of a good thing. [” As You Like It“]

As good as” 实际上, 几乎“是从14世纪中叶开始的; 要. good for” 有益于“是14世纪末的To make good” 偿还(费用, 开支), 弥补(罪过或违法行为) “是14世纪末的To have a good mind” 殷切的愿望“(做某事) 来自16世纪. Good deed , good works 是在古英语中作为” 行为的虔诚; “ good deed 具体作为” 行为的服务他人“被加强20世纪初由童子军. Good turn 是15世纪的. Good sport 的人, 是1906年的. The good book” 圣经“从1801年开始考证, 最初是在传教士的文献中描述美国印第安部落的皈依工作的语言. Good to go 是1989年考证的.

Origin and meaning of good

good (n.)

古英语 god (带长“o” ), “that which is good, a good thing; goodness; advantage, benefit; gift; virtue; property;” 出自 good (adj.). 意为“好的一面” (某事) 出自1660年代. 短语 for good “终于, 永久地” 证明来自1711年, 是 for good and all (16世纪) 的缩写. 中古英语有 for good ne ylle (15世纪初) “好也不坏”, 因此是“在任何情况下”.

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Definitions of good
1
good (adj.)
exerting force or influence;
a warranty good for two years
Synonyms: effective / in effect / in force
good (adj.)
resulting favorably;
it's a good thing that I wasn't there
it is good that you stayed
Synonyms: well
good (adj.)
having desirable or positive qualities especially those suitable for a thing specified;
a good dress for the office
good news from the hospital
a good joke
a good check
a good exterior paint
a good report card
when she was good she was very very good
a good knife is one good for cutting
this stump will make a good picnic table
a good secretary
good (adj.)
having the normally expected amount;
a good mile from here
gives good measure
Synonyms: full
good (adj.)
morally admirable;
good (adj.)
deserving of esteem and respect;
ruined the family's good name
good (adj.)
promoting or enhancing well-being;
the experience was good for her
Synonyms: beneficial
good (adj.)
agreeable or pleasing;
good manners
we all had a good time
good (adj.)
of moral excellence;
a genuinely good person
Synonyms: just / upright
good (adj.)
having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude;
a good mechanic
Synonyms: adept / expert / practiced / proficient / skillful / skilful
good (adj.)
thorough;
had a good workout
gave the house a good cleaning
good (adj.)
with or in a close or intimate relationship;
a good friend
Synonyms: dear / near
good (adj.)
financially safe;
a good investment
Synonyms: dependable / safe / secure
good (adj.)
most suitable or right for a particular purpose;
a good time to plant tomatoes
Synonyms: right / ripe
good (adj.)
capable of pleasing;
good looks
good (adj.)
appealing to the mind;
good music
Synonyms: serious
good (adj.)
in excellent physical condition;
I still have one good leg
good teeth
Synonyms: sound
good (adj.)
tending to promote physical well-being; beneficial to health;
a good night's sleep
Synonyms: salutary
good (adj.)
not forged;
a good dollar bill
Synonyms: honest
good (adj.)
not left to spoil;
the meat is still good
Synonyms: unspoiled / unspoilt
good (adj.)
generally admired;
good taste
2
good (n.)
benefit;
what's the good of worrying?
for your own good
good (n.)
moral excellence or admirableness;
there is much good to be found in people
Synonyms: goodness
good (n.)
that which is pleasing or valuable or useful;
weigh the good against the bad
among the highest goods of all are happiness and self-realization
Synonyms: goodness
good (n.)
articles of commerce;
Synonyms: commodity / trade good
3
good (adv.)
(often used as a combining form) in a good or proper or satisfactory manner or to a high standard (`good' is a nonstandard dialectal variant for `well');
the baby can walk pretty good
Synonyms: well
good (adv.)
completely and absolutely (`good' is sometimes used informally for `thoroughly');
we beat him good
Synonyms: thoroughly / soundly
From wordnet.princeton.edu