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go (v.)

古英语 gan "前进,行走;出发,离开;发生,发生;征服;观察,练习,锻炼",来自西日耳曼语 *gaian (来源也是古撒克逊语,古弗里斯兰语 gan ,中荷兰语 gaen ,荷兰语 gaan ,古高德语 gan ,德语 gehen ),来自PIE根 *ghē- "释放,放走;被释放"(来源也是梵语 jihite "离开",希腊语 kikhano "我到达,与之相遇"),但在同源词的列表上似乎没有普遍的一致。

在整个有记录的历史中,它是一个有缺陷的动词;古英语的过去式是 eode ,这个词的来源不确定,但显然曾经是一个不同的动词(也许与哥特语 iddja );它在1400年代被 went 取代, wenden 的过去式"引导一个人的方式"(见 wend )。然而,在英格兰北部和苏格兰, eode 倾向于被 gaed 取代,这是一个基于 go 的结构。在现代英语中,只有 bego 从完全不同的动词中提取过去时。

在OED中,这个词的各种形式和组合占据了45列的密文。意思是"停止存在"是从13世纪开始的;"出现"(指服饰、外貌等)是从14世纪末开始的;"被出售"是从15世纪初开始的 意思是"被认识"(与 by )是从1590年代开始的;"进入另一种状况或状态"是从1580年代开始的。17世纪起作"赌",因此也作"待价而沽",并在赌注中作 go (someone) better (1864年)。意为"说",出现于20世纪60年代的青少年俚语。俗语意为"小便或大便",到1926年得到证明,委婉说法(比较古英语 gong "a privy",字面意思为"a going")。

go back on "失信于"是从1859年开始的;以 go under 的"失败"是1849年的。To go places "成功"是到1934年。

go (n.)

1727年,"去的行动",从使用 go (v.)开始比赛等。意为"事件,发生,事情,件事",出自1796年。意思是"前进的力量、冲劲、活力"来自1825年,口语,原指马匹。意为"做某事的尝试、尝试或转折"(如 give it a gohave a go at ),出自1825年(更早的意思是"送球的小精灵",1773年)。意为"某件事情的进行,成功"是从1876年开始的。短语 on the go "在不断的运动中"是1843年的。短语 from the word go "从一开始"是到1834年。 The go "流行的"是1793年的。 No go "无用的"是1825年的。

go (adj.)

"按部就班",1951年,原为航天专业术语,来自 go (五)。

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Definitions of go from WordNet
1
go (v.)
change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically;
How fast does your new car go?
Synonyms: travel / move / locomote
go (v.)
follow a procedure or take a course;
Messages must go through diplomatic channels
go about the world in a certain manner
We should go farther in this matter
Synonyms: proceed / move
go (v.)
move away from a place into another direction;
Synonyms: go away / depart
go (v.)
enter or assume a certain state or condition;
Get going!
Synonyms: become / get
go (v.)
be awarded; be allotted;
The first prize goes to Mary
go (v.)
have a particular form;
as the saying goes...
Synonyms: run
go (v.)
stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point;
His knowledge doesn't go very far
Synonyms: run / pass / lead / extend
go (v.)
follow a certain course;
how did your interview go?
Synonyms: proceed
go (v.)
be abolished or discarded;
These luxuries all had to go under the Khmer Rouge
These ugly billboards have to go!
go (v.)
be or continue to be in a certain condition;
go (v.)
make a certain noise or sound;
Synonyms: sound
go (v.)
perform as expected when applied;
The washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in
Synonyms: function / work / operate / run
go (v.)
to be spent or finished;
Synonyms: run low / run short
go (v.)
progress by being changed;
The speech has to go through several more drafts
Synonyms: move / run
go (v.)
continue to live and avoid dying;
Synonyms: survive / last / live / live on / endure / hold up / hold out
go (v.)
pass, fare, or elapse; of a certain state of affairs or action;
How is it going?
go (v.)
pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life;
Synonyms: die / decease / perish / exit / pass away / expire / pass / kick the bucket / cash in one's chips / buy the farm / conk / give-up the ghost / drop dead / pop off / choke / croak / snuff it
go (v.)
be in the right place or situation;
Where do these books go?
Synonyms: belong
go (v.)
be ranked or compare;
go (v.)
begin or set in motion;
Ready, set, go!
Synonyms: start / get going
go (v.)
have a turn; make one's move in a game;
Can I go now?
Synonyms: move
go (v.)
be contained in;
How many times does 18 go into 54?
go (v.)
be sounded, played, or expressed;
How does this song go again?
go (v.)
blend or harmonize;
This sofa won't go with the chairs
Synonyms: blend / blend in
go (v.)
lead, extend, or afford access;
This door goes to the basement
Synonyms: lead
go (v.)
be the right size or shape; fit correctly or as desired;
Synonyms: fit
go (v.)
go through in search of something; search through someone's belongings in an unauthorized way;
Synonyms: rifle
go (v.)
be spent;
go (v.)
give support (to) or make a choice (of) one out of a group or number;
Synonyms: plump
go (v.)
stop operating or functioning;
Synonyms: fail / go bad / give way / die / give out / conk out / break / break down
2
go (n.)
a time period for working (after which you will be relieved by someone else);
it's my go
Synonyms: spell / tour / turn
go (n.)
street names for methylenedioxymethamphetamine;
Synonyms: Adam / ecstasy / xtc / disco biscuit / cristal / x / hug drug
go (n.)
a usually brief attempt;
Synonyms: crack / fling / pass / whirl / offer
go (n.)
a board game for two players who place counters on a grid; the object is to surround and so capture the opponent's counters;
Synonyms: go game
3
go (adj.)
functioning correctly and ready for action;
all systems are go
From wordnet.princeton.edu