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go (v.)

古英语 gan “前进, 行走; 出发, 离开; 发生, 发生; 征服; 观察, 练习, 锻炼”, 来自西日耳曼语 *gaian (来源也是古撒克逊语, 古弗里斯兰语 gan, 中荷兰语 gaen, 荷兰语 gaan, 古高德语 gan, 德语 gehen), 来自PIE根 *ghē- “释放, 放走; 被释放” (来源也是梵语 jihite “离开”, 希腊语 kikhano “我到达, 与之相遇” ), 但在同源词的列表上似乎没有普遍的一致.

在整个有记录的历史中, 它是一个有缺陷的动词; 古英语的过去式是 eode, 这个词的来源不确定, 但显然曾经是一个不同的动词(也许与哥特语 iddja); 它在1400年代被 went 取代, wenden 的过去式“引导一个人的方式” (见 wend). 然而, 在英格兰北部和苏格兰, eode 倾向于被 gaed 取代, 这是一个基于 go 的结构. 在现代英语中, 只有 bego 从完全不同的动词中提取过去时.

在OED中, 这个词的各种形式和组合占据了45列的密文. 意思是“停止存在” 是从13世纪开始的; “出现” (指服饰, 外貌等) 是从14世纪末开始的; “被出售” 是从15世纪初开始的 意思是“被认识” (与 by) 是从1590年代开始的; “进入另一种状况或状态” 是从1580年代开始的. 17世纪起作“赌”, 因此也作“待价而沽”, 并在赌注中作 go (someone) better (1864年). 意为“说”, 出现于20世纪60年代的青少年俚语. 俗语意为“小便或大便”, 到1926年得到证明, 委婉说法(比较古英语 gong “a privy”, 字面意思为“a going” ).

go back on “失信于” 是从1859年开始的; 以 go under 的“失败” 是1849年的. To go places “成功” 是到1934年.

go (n.)

1727年, “去的行动”, 从使用 go (v.) 开始比赛等. 意为“事件, 发生, 事情, 件事”, 出自1796年. 意思是“前进的力量, 冲劲, 活力” 来自1825年, 口语, 原指马匹. 意为“做某事的尝试, 尝试或转折” (如 give it a go, have a go at), 出自1825年(更早的意思是“送球的小精灵”, 1773年). 意为“某件事情的进行, 成功” 是从1876年开始的. 短语 on the go “在不断的运动中” 是1843年的. 短语 from the word go “从一开始” 是到1834年. The go “流行的” 是1793年的. No go “无用的” 是1825年的.

go (adj.)

“按部就班”, 1951年, 原为航天专业术语, 来自 go (五).

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Definitions of go
1
go (v.)
change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically;
How fast does your new car go?
Synonyms: travel / move / locomote
go (v.)
follow a procedure or take a course;
Messages must go through diplomatic channels
go about the world in a certain manner
We should go farther in this matter
Synonyms: proceed / move
go (v.)
move away from a place into another direction;
Synonyms: go away / depart
go (v.)
enter or assume a certain state or condition;
Get going!
Synonyms: become / get
go (v.)
be awarded; be allotted;
The first prize goes to Mary
go (v.)
have a particular form;
as the saying goes...
Synonyms: run
go (v.)
stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point;
His knowledge doesn't go very far
Synonyms: run / pass / lead / extend
go (v.)
follow a certain course;
how did your interview go?
Synonyms: proceed
go (v.)
be abolished or discarded;
These luxuries all had to go under the Khmer Rouge
These ugly billboards have to go!
go (v.)
be or continue to be in a certain condition;
go (v.)
make a certain noise or sound;
Synonyms: sound
go (v.)
perform as expected when applied;
The washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in
Synonyms: function / work / operate / run
go (v.)
to be spent or finished;
Synonyms: run low / run short
go (v.)
progress by being changed;
The speech has to go through several more drafts
Synonyms: move / run
go (v.)
continue to live and avoid dying;
Synonyms: survive / last / live / live on / endure / hold up / hold out
go (v.)
pass, fare, or elapse; of a certain state of affairs or action;
How is it going?
go (v.)
pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life;
Synonyms: die / decease / perish / exit / pass away / expire / pass / kick the bucket / cash in one's chips / buy the farm / conk / give-up the ghost / drop dead / pop off / choke / croak / snuff it
go (v.)
be in the right place or situation;
Where do these books go?
Synonyms: belong
go (v.)
be ranked or compare;
go (v.)
begin or set in motion;
Ready, set, go!
Synonyms: start / get going
go (v.)
have a turn; make one's move in a game;
Can I go now?
Synonyms: move
go (v.)
be contained in;
How many times does 18 go into 54?
go (v.)
be sounded, played, or expressed;
How does this song go again?
go (v.)
blend or harmonize;
This sofa won't go with the chairs
Synonyms: blend / blend in
go (v.)
lead, extend, or afford access;
This door goes to the basement
Synonyms: lead
go (v.)
be the right size or shape; fit correctly or as desired;
Synonyms: fit
go (v.)
go through in search of something; search through someone's belongings in an unauthorized way;
Synonyms: rifle
go (v.)
be spent;
go (v.)
give support (to) or make a choice (of) one out of a group or number;
Synonyms: plump
go (v.)
stop operating or functioning;
Synonyms: fail / go bad / give way / die / give out / conk out / break / break down
2
go (n.)
a time period for working (after which you will be relieved by someone else);
it's my go
Synonyms: spell / tour / turn
go (n.)
street names for methylenedioxymethamphetamine;
Synonyms: Adam / ecstasy / xtc / disco biscuit / cristal / x / hug drug
go (n.)
a usually brief attempt;
Synonyms: crack / fling / pass / whirl / offer
go (n.)
a board game for two players who place counters on a grid; the object is to surround and so capture the opponent's counters;
Synonyms: go game
3
go (adj.)
functioning correctly and ready for action;
all systems are go
From wordnet.princeton.edu