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give (v.)

古英语 giefan (西撒克逊语) “给予, 赐予, 交付他人; 分配, 授予; 承诺, 奉献, 委托”, V类强动词(过去式 geaf, 过去分词 giefen), 来自于原日耳曼语 *geban (也是古弗里斯兰语 jeva, 中荷兰语 gheven, 荷兰语 geven, 古高德语 geban, 德语 geben, 哥特语 giban), 来自于PIE词根 *ghabh- “给予或接受”. 在中古英语中成为 yiven, 但受古北欧语 gefa “给予”, 古丹麦语 givæ 的影响, 改为喉音“g”.

意思是“屈服于压力” 是从1570年代开始的. Give in “屈服” 是1610年代的. give out 是14世纪中叶的“公布, 宣布”; 意思是“跑出来, 崩溃” 是来自1520年代. Give up “投降, 辞职, 退出” 是12世纪中叶的 To give (someone) a cold 似乎反映了一个人可以通过故意传染他人而治愈疾病的古老信念. What gives? “发生了什么事?” 从1940年开始得到印证. 到 not give a (一些被认为是琐碎和无价值的东西) 是从14世纪开始的(早期的例子是 a straw, a grass, a mite).

give (n.)

“屈服于压力的能力”, 1868年, 来自 give (v.). 中古英语名词 yeve, 意为“给予或提供的东西; 金钱的贡献”, 通常作为贡品, 或期待回报.

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Definitions of give
1
give (v.)
cause to have, in the abstract sense or physical sense;
She gave him a black eye
The draft gave me a cold
give (v.)
be the cause or source of;
He gave me a lot of trouble
Synonyms: yield / afford
give (v.)
transfer possession of something concrete or abstract to somebody;
She gave the children lots of love and tender loving care
I gave her my money
can you give me lessons?
give (v.)
convey or reveal information;
give (v.)
convey, as of a compliment, regards, attention, etc.; bestow;
give the orders
Synonyms: pay
give (v.)
organize or be responsible for;
give a course
Synonyms: hold / throw / have / make
give (v.)
convey or communicate; of a smile, a look, a physical gesture;
She gave me a dirty look
Synonyms: throw
give (v.)
give as a present; make a gift of;
What will you give her for her birthday?
Synonyms: gift / present
give (v.)
cause to happen or be responsible for;
His two singles gave the team the victory
Synonyms: yield
give (v.)
dedicate;
give priority to
give thought to
Synonyms: pay / devote
give (v.)
give or supply;
Synonyms: render / yield / return / generate
give (v.)
transmit (knowledge or skills);
give a secret to the Russians
Synonyms: impart / leave / pass on
give (v.)
bring about;
Synonyms: establish
give (v.)
leave with; give temporarily;
Can I give you my keys while I go in the pool?
Can I give you the children for the weekend?
give (v.)
emit or utter;
give a yelp
give (v.)
endure the loss of;
He gave his life for his children
I gave two sons to the war
Synonyms: sacrifice
give (v.)
place into the hands or custody of;
Synonyms: pass / hand / reach / pass on / turn over
give (v.)
give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause;
give one's talents to a good cause
Synonyms: dedicate / consecrate / commit / devote
give (v.)
give (as medicine);
I gave him the drug
give (v.)
give or convey physically;
I gave him a punch in the nose
She gave him First Aid
Synonyms: apply
give (v.)
bestow;
give homage
Synonyms: render
give (v.)
bestow, especially officially;
give a divorce
Synonyms: grant
give (v.)
move in order to make room for someone for something;
The park gave way to a supermarket
Synonyms: move over / give way / ease up / yield
give (v.)
give food to;
don't give the child this tough meat
Synonyms: feed
give (v.)
contribute to some cause;
I gave at the office
Synonyms: contribute / chip in / kick in
give (v.)
break down, literally or metaphorically;
The roof finally gave under the weight of the ice
The wall gave in
Synonyms: collapse / fall in / cave in / give way / break / founder
give (v.)
estimate the duration or outcome of something;
I gave him a very good chance at success
He gave the patient three months to live
give (v.)
execute and deliver;
give (v.)
deliver in exchange or recompense;
I'll give you three books for four CDs
give (v.)
afford access to;
The French doors give onto a terrace
Synonyms: afford / open
give (v.)
present to view;
He gave the sign to start
give (v.)
perform for an audience;
give (v.)
be flexible under stress of physical force;
This material doesn't give
Synonyms: yield
give (v.)
propose;
He gave the first of many toasts at the birthday party
give (v.)
accord by verdict;
give a decision for the plaintiff
give (v.)
manifest or show;
This student gives promise of real creativity
The office gave evidence of tampering
give (v.)
offer in good faith;
He gave her his word
give (v.)
submit for consideration, judgment, or use;
give one's opinion
give an excuse
give (v.)
guide or direct, as by behavior of persuasion;
You gave me to think that you agreed with me
give (v.)
allow to have or take;
I give you two minutes to respond
give (v.)
inflict as a punishment;
The judge gave me 10 years
She gave the boy a good spanking
give (v.)
occur;
what gives?
give (v.)
consent to engage in sexual intercourse with a man;
She gave herself to many men
give (v.)
proffer (a body part);
She gave her hand to her little sister
2
give (n.)
the elasticity of something that can be stretched and returns to its original length;
Synonyms: spring / springiness
From wordnet.princeton.edu