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get (v.)

13世纪, 来自古北欧语 geta (过去时 gatum, 过去分词 getenn) “获得, 达到; 能够; 生起; 学习; 高兴”, 这个词的含义非常广泛, 经常几乎作为助动词使用, 也经常出现在短语中(如 geta rett “猜对” ). 这是从原日耳曼语 *getan (也是古瑞典语 gissa “猜对” 的来源, 字面意思是“试图得到” ), 从PIE词根 *ghend- “抓住, 拿下”.

古英语, 以及荷兰语和弗里斯兰语, 几乎都是以复合体形式出现的动词(如 begietan, “to beget;” forgietan “to forget” ). 在现代过去分词 gotten 和原始过去时 gat, 也是圣经 begat, 旧英语同源词 *gietan 的残余还在斜斜地保留着.

在与 havehad 的复合短语中, 它在语法上是多余的, 但常常有用地表示占有, 义务或必要性, 或给予强调. 在OED第二版中, 这个词和建立在它基础上的短语占了29栏; 《世纪词典》为 to get up 列出了7种不同的意义.

“I GOT on Horseback within ten Minutes after I received your Letter. When I GOT to Canterbury I GOT a Chaise for Town. But I GOT wet through before I GOT to Canterbury, and I HAVE GOT such a Cold as I shall not be able to GET rid of in a Hurry. I GOT to the Treasury about Noon, but first of all I GOT shaved and drest. I soon GOT into the Secret of GETTING a Memorial before the Board, but I could not GET an Answer then, however I GOT Intelligence from the Messenger that I should most likely GET one the next Morning. As soon as I GOT back to my Inn, I GOT my Supper, and GOT to Bed, it was not long before I GOT to Sleep. When I GOT up in the Morning, I GOT my Breakfast, and then GOT myself drest, that I might GET out in Time to GET an Answer to my Memorial. As soon as I GOT it, I GOT into the Chaise, and GOT to Canterbury by three: and about Tea Time, I GOT Home. I HAVE GOT No thing particular for you, and so Adieu.” [Philip Withers, “Aristarchus, or the Principles of Composition,” London, 1789, illustrating the widespread use of the verb in Modern English]

作为“去, 被关闭” 的命令, 到1864年, 美国英语. 意为“在精神上抓住, 把握” 是从1892年开始的. Get wind of “变得熟悉” 是从1840年开始的, 源于更早的 to get wind “出去, 被认识” (1722年). 要 get drunk 是1660年代的; 到 get religion 是从1772年开始; 到 get better “恢复健康” 是1776年的. 要 get ready “准备好自己” 是从1890年开始的; 以 get going “开始, 开始做某事” 是由1869年的美国英语. get busy “go into action, begin operation” 是由1904年开始. Get lost 作为走开的命令是到1947年. To get ahead “进步” 是从1807年开始的. 要 get to 某人) “vex, fret, obsess” 是由1961年, 美国英语(get 单独作为“to puzzle, trouble, annoy” 是由1867年, 美国英语). 要 get out of hand 原本(1765年) 的意思是“超越引导的需要而前进;” 意义上的“挣脱, 狂奔” 来自1892年, 来自马术. 要 get on (someone's) nerves 是由1970年证明的.

get (n.)

14世纪初, “后代, 孩子”, 出自 get (v.) 或 beget. 意思是“所得到的, 战利品”, 来自14世纪末.

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Definitions of get from WordNet
1
get (v.)
come into the possession of something concrete or abstract;
She got a lot of paintings from her uncle
Synonyms: acquire
get (v.)
enter or assume a certain state or condition;
It must be getting more serious
Synonyms: become / go
get (v.)
cause to move; cause to be in a certain position or condition;
He got his squad on the ball
He got a girl into trouble
Synonyms: let / have
get (v.)
receive a specified treatment (abstract);
I got nothing but trouble for my good intentions
Synonyms: receive / find / obtain / incur
get (v.)
reach a destination; arrive by movement or progress;
She didn't get to Chicago until after midnight
Synonyms: arrive / come
get (v.)
go or come after and bring or take back;
Synonyms: bring / convey / fetch
get (v.)
go through (mental or physical states or experiences);
get nauseous
get an idea
Synonyms: experience / receive / have
get (v.)
take vengeance on or get even;
This time I got him
We'll get them!
Synonyms: pay back / pay off / fix
get (v.)
achieve a point or goal;
The Brazilian team got 4 goals
Synonyms: have / make
get (v.)
succeed in catching or seizing, especially after a chase;
We finally got the suspect
Synonyms: catch / capture
get (v.)
come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes);
I got funny spots all over my body
Synonyms: grow / develop / produce / acquire
get (v.)
be stricken by an illness, fall victim to an illness;
He got AIDS
Synonyms: contract / take
get (v.)
communicate with a place or person; establish communication with, as if by telephone;
The operator couldn't get Kobe because of the earthquake
Bill called this number and he got Mary
get (v.)
give certain properties to something;
get someone mad
Synonyms: make
get (v.)
move into a desired direction of discourse;
Synonyms: drive / aim
get (v.)
grasp with the mind or develop an understanding of;
did you get it?
I just don't get him
She didn't get the joke
Synonyms: catch
get (v.)
attract and fix;
Synonyms: catch / arrest
get (v.)
reach with a blow or hit in a particular spot;
The blow got him in the back
Synonyms: catch
get (v.)
reach by calculation;
What do you get when you add up these numbers?
get (v.)
acquire as a result of some effort or action;
Where did she get these news?
You cannot get water out of a stone
get (v.)
purchase;
What did you get at the toy store?
get (v.)
perceive by hearing;
She didn't get his name when they met the first time
Synonyms: catch
get (v.)
suffer from the receipt of;
Synonyms: catch
get (v.)
receive as a retribution or punishment;
He got 5 years in prison
Synonyms: receive
get (v.)
leave immediately; used usually in the imperative form;
Synonyms: scram / buzz off / fuck off / bugger off
get (v.)
reach and board;
She got the bus just as it was leaving
get (v.)
irritate;
Her childish behavior really get to me
His lying really gets me
Synonyms: get under one's skin
get (v.)
evoke an emotional response;
Brahms's `Requiem' gets me every time
get (v.)
apprehend and reproduce accurately;
She got the mood just right in her photographs
Synonyms: catch
get (v.)
earn or achieve a base by being walked by the pitcher;
Synonyms: draw
get (v.)
overcome or destroy;
the cat got the goldfish
The ice storm got my hibiscus
get (v.)
be a mystery or bewildering to;
get (v.)
take the first step or steps in carrying out an action;
Let's get down to work now
Synonyms: get down / begin / start out / start / set about / set out / commence
get (v.)
undergo (as of injuries and illnesses);
She got a bruise on her leg
He got his arm broken in the scuffle
Synonyms: suffer / sustain / have
get (v.)
make (offspring) by reproduction;
Synonyms: beget / engender / father / mother / sire / generate / bring forth
2
get (n.)
a return on a shot that seemed impossible to reach and would normally have resulted in a point for the opponent;
From wordnet.princeton.edu